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Droht in Deutschland eine Kreditklemme?

  • Boysen-Hogrefe, Jens
  • Dovern, Jonas
  • Groll, Dominik
  • van Roye, Björn
  • Scheide, Joachim

Die vorliegende Studie analysiert vor dem Hintergrund der durch die Finanzkrise bedingten Abschreibungen im Bankensektor die aktuelle Gefahr einer Kreditklemme in Deutschland und ihre möglichen Konsequenzen für die konjunkturelle Entwicklung. In einem Makromodell mit Bankensektor wird dabei gezeigt, dass exogene Verknappungen des Kreditangebots die gesamtwirtschaftliche Produktion für einen langen Zeitraum negativ beeinflussen. Im Hinblick auf die Situation des Bankensektors wird dessen Eigenkapitalposition auch vor dem Hintergrund der staatlichen Eigenkapitalmaßnahmen analysiert, und es werden Szenarien für die zukünftige Entwicklung der Eigenkapitalquoten beschrieben. Im Anschluss daran werden mithilfe eines ökonometrischen Mehrgleichungsmodells Prognosen für die branchenspezifischen Kreditvolumina abgeleitet. Im Rahmen eines gesamtwirtschaftlichen Modells wird dann die Frage analysiert, ob in nächster Zeit eine Kreditklemme droht. Die Ergebnisse weisen auf die erhebliche Relevanz der durchgeführten staatlichen Eigenkapitalmaßnahmen hin, die sehr wahrscheinlich verhindert haben, dass eine ausgeprägte Kreditklemme bereits im Laufe dieses Jahres eingetreten ist. Angesichts des noch zu erwartenden Abschreibungsbedarfs der Banken kann eine Kreditklemme in der nahen Zukunft allerdings nicht ausgeschlossen werden. Abschließend werden wirtschaftspolitische Optionen diskutiert, um aufzuzeigen, wie einer solchen Situation vorgebeugt werden kann.

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Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW) in its series Kiel Discussion Papers with number 472/473.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifwkdp:472-473
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