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Energy consumption and the size of the informal economy

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  • Basbay, Mustafa Metin
  • Elgin, Ceyhun
  • Torul, Orhan

Abstract

The authors empirically investigate the relationship between energy consumption and the size of the informal economy. Relying on panel data regression models, their results show that at the aggregate level, energy intensity is inversely related to the size of the informal sector, providing actual empirical evidence on the presence of high labor and low capital intensity in the informal economy. Furthermore, the authors also find some support towards the presence of non-linearity and asymmetry in this relationship.

Suggested Citation

  • Basbay, Mustafa Metin & Elgin, Ceyhun & Torul, Orhan, 2016. "Energy consumption and the size of the informal economy," Economics Discussion Papers 2016-6, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifwedp:20166
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    2. Chen, Maozhi & Sinha, Avik & Hu, Kexiang & Shah, Muhammad Ibrahim, 2021. "Impact of technological innovation on energy efficiency in industry 4.0 era: Moderation of shadow economy in sustainable development," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 164(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    informal sector; energy consumption; panel data;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • P48 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Political Economy; Legal Institutions; Property Rights; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Regional Studies
    • E26 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Informal Economy; Underground Economy

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