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Immigrant Supply of Marketable Child Care and Native Fertility in Italy

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  • Mariani, R. D.
  • Rosati, F. C.

Abstract

The availability of child-care services has often been advocated as one of the instruments to counter the fertility decline observed in many high-income countries. In the recent past large inflows of lowskilled migrants have substantially increased the supply of child-care services. In this paper we examine if the flow of immigrants as actually affected fertility exploiting the natural experiment occurred in Italy in 2007, when a large inflow of migrants - many of them specialized in the supply of child care - arrived unexpectedly. With a difference-in-differences method, we show that newly arrived immigrant female workers have increased the number of native births by roughly 2 per cent. We validate our result by the implementation of an instrumental variable approach and several robustness tests, all concluding that the increase in the supply of child-care services by immigrants has positively affected native fertility choice.

Suggested Citation

  • Mariani, R. D. & Rosati, F. C., 2021. "Immigrant Supply of Marketable Child Care and Native Fertility in Italy," GLO Discussion Paper Series 745, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:745
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Household Economics; Fertility; Immigrant Labour; International Migration;

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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