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Capital Humano y Crecimiento Económico en México (1970-2000). Human Capital and Economic Growth in Mexico

  • Alejandro Diaz Bautista

    (COLEF)

  • Mauro Diaz Dominguez

    (SHCP)

En los últimos años, se han realizado diversos estudios a nivel mundial utilizando el modelo de crecimiento y convergencia económica, a través de países y de regiones. Para el caso de México, hasta la segunda mitad de los noventas comienza el análisis empírico de la convergencia económica a nivel regional. En los últimos 30 años se observan disparidades regionales que han surgido en México y han alterado el pensamiento convencional con respecto a la persistencia de la convergencia regional en Norteamérica. En el presente estudio, se desarrolla el modelo de crecimiento económico y convergencia utilizando variables de capital humano. Posteriormente, se analiza empíricamente la evolución de las disparidades regionales en términos de ingreso per capita en México, condicionando el estudio a las variables de capital humano. Se obtiene un resultado de convergencia en el ingreso condicionado al capital humano para el periodo 1970-2000. El estudio compara los resultados de México con los resultados más importantes del modelo de crecimiento y convergencia económica en los Estados Unidos, Canadá y Europa. This paper applies the regional convergence hypothesis of economic growth based on the neoclassical model. During the period 1970-2000, Mexico shows state convergence in per capita income conditional on the fundamental human capital variables. The study compares the results with previous studies in Mexico, The United States, Canada and Europe.

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File URL: http://econwpa.repec.org/eps/urb/papers/0405/0405008.pdf
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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Urban/Regional with number 0405008.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: 31 May 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpur:0405008
Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 28. Díaz-Bautista es Doctor en Economía por la Universidad de California, Irvine. Licenciado en Economía por el ITAM. Profesor-Investigador de Economía, Departamento de Estudios Económicos, COLEF. http://www.geocities.com/adiazbau/ Díaz Domínguez es director de la SHCP y economista del ITAM. El presente estudio fue publicado en la Revista Comercio Exterior, Bancomext, Vol. 53, Numero 11, pp. 1012- 1023, noviembre de 2003.
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