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Regional Cluster Analysis in the Mexican Telecommunications Sector. Impact of Economies of Agglomeration, Clusters and networking in medium-sized Mexican Telecommunication firms

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  • Alejandro Diaz-Bautista

    (COLEF)

Abstract

There have been many empirical studies analyzing telecommunications clusters across countries and regions since the late eighties and nineties. Recently, much attention has been paid in the literature of cluster analysis in telecommunications. Knowledge and technology transfer matter for economic growth. Most formal analyses of knowledge driven economies have focused on the supply side: research and development and productivity. In modern high-tech economies, like telecommunications, the demand side of markets for goods are important. The paper develops a model of demand and supply for Mexico looking at a cluster formation in a regional geographical space. Concentrations in space spontaneously emerge, even when one considers quality of products, physical distance and transportation costs. These clusters arise to resolve the tension between spatial spillover externalities and the costs of adapting to new sophisticated telecommunications products. Telecommunications clusters in Mexico affect competition in three broad ways: first, by increasing the productivity of companies based in a region; by driving the direction and pace of innovation in telecommunications, which underpins future productivity growth; and by stimulating the formation of new business communications technology, which expands and strengthens the cluster itself. I describe most of the largest cable/satellite TV and related telecommunications clusters in Mexico. Sumario: Se han tenido diversos estudios empíricos en los ochentas y noventas que tratan de comprobar la teoría de los clusters o concentración de empresas interrelacionadas entre sí y concentradas en una zona geográfica concreta. De igual manera se han realizado estudios empíricos de cómo estos clusters pueden traer beneficios económicos a las empresas de telecomunicaciones. Los clusters aumentan la productividad de las empresas de telecomunicaciones, que es uno de los caminos para fortalecer el crecimiento económico. Al aumentar la productividad, las empresas destinan más recursos a innovación y desarrollo, crean más riqueza y siguen ganando productividad; todo ello en un marco de gran competitividad, porque, las regiones más desarrolladas son aquellas en las que existe más competencia. La implantación de una política regional en telecomunicaciones impulsará las concentraciones sectoriales de empresas en zonas geográficas concretas. Esta localización, ya se da en países industrializados como en Estados Unidos, y se empieza a dar en México, lo que ayuda a aumentar la productividad de las empresas de telecomunicaciones. El estudio desarrolla un modelo de oferta y demanda de las empresas de telecomunicaciones para poder observar la formación de clusters en las distintas áreas geográficas de México.

Suggested Citation

  • Alejandro Diaz-Bautista, 2005. "Regional Cluster Analysis in the Mexican Telecommunications Sector. Impact of Economies of Agglomeration, Clusters and networking in medium-sized Mexican Telecommunication firms," Urban/Regional 0511013, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpur:0511013
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 34. Díaz-Bautista es economista del ITAM. Obtuvo el Doctorado y la Maestría en Economía en la Universidad de California, Irvine. Desde 1999 imparte cursos en el Colegio de la Frontera Norte y en la Universidad Iberoamericana del Noroeste, y desde 1995 fue profesor de Economía en la Universidad de California. Ha impartido conferencias en Estados Unidos, Canadá, Europa, Asia y en México, al igual que ha dedicado muchos años a la investigación en el campo de la Economía Internacional, Organización Industrial, y Crecimiento Económico. http://www.geocities.com/adiazbau/
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Clusters; Agglomerations; Telecommunications; Econometrics; TV; Mexico;

    JEL classification:

    • R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics

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