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Convergence and Economic Growth considering Human Capital and R&D Spillovers Convergencia y Crecimiento Economico en Mexico considerando al Capital Humano y derrames en Investigacion y Desarrollo

  • Alejandro Diaz-Bautista

    (COLEF)

In the recent growth literature, the accumulation of human capital and R&D have gained a central role. This study tries to narrow the bridge between the fields of regional convergence theory, economic growth and human capital. Unlike traditional economic growth theories, which tend to focus on exogenous comparative advantage or technological differences among regions as causes for growth, regional economic growth emphasizes the roles of increasing returns to scale in production, human capital and R&D in determining the growth of economic activities. In particular, I will consider the interaction of regional human capital and R&D economics following the recent work in economic growth and convergence. Using the recent developments in economic growth, the study centers on the regional convergence pattern in Mexico emphasizing the effects of human capital, R&D and interregional spillovers on growth. The findings suggest the existence of some human capital and bounded knowledge spillovers across regional states in Mexico. En la literatura del crecimiento, la acumulación del capital humano y la investigación y desarrollo tienen un papel central. El estudio trata de cerrar la brecha entre el campo de la convergencia, el crecimiento económico y el capital humano. A diferencia de las teorías tradicionales del crecimiento, que se centran en las ventajas comparativas y las diferencias tecnológicas entre las regiones como los determinantes del crecimiento, las nuevas teorías del crecimiento regional enfatizan el papel de los retornos crecientes a escala en la producción, el capital humano y la investigación y desarrollo para determinar el crecimiento de las actividades económicas. En particular, el estudio considera la interacción entre el capital humano y la investigación y desarrollo en el ámbito regional, siguiendo los estudios recientes en el campo del crecimiento económico y la convergencia económica. El estudio se centra en el patrón de convergencia para México, al enfatizar los efectos del capital humano, la investigación y desarrollo y las derramas interregionales en el crecimiento. Los resultados sugieren que existen derrames en el capital humano pero restricciones en la actividad de investigación y desarrollo regional para los estados de México.

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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Urban/Regional with number 0506012.

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Length: 18 pages
Date of creation: 16 Jun 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpur:0506012
Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 18. El autor es Profesor- Investigador y Coordinador de la Maestría en Economía Aplicada del Colegio de la Frontera Norte. Díaz-Bautista obtuvo el doctorado y la maestría en Economía en la Universidad de California. Es economista por el ITAM. Ha impartido conferencias en Estados Unidos, Canadá, Europa, Asia, Australia y en México, al igual que ha dedicado muchos años a la investigación en el campo de la Economía de la Energía, Organización Industrial y Crecimiento Económico. Finalmente, es un académico que ha escrito varios libros y artículos en revistas especializadas.
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