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Spatial R&D Spillovers and Economic Growth - Evidence from West Germany

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  • Funke, Michael
  • Niebuhr, Annekatrin

Abstract

The paper bases itself on recent theoretical writings in growth economics that emphasize the effects of both own R&D efforts and of interregional technology spillovers on regions´ productivity. We propose robust estimation techniques to evaluate the R&D spillovers across West German functional regions during the period 1976 - 1996. The findings suggest the existence of knowledge spillovers across functional regional boundaries. Moreover, significant spillovers are mainly found among geographically close regions. This finding confirms the hypothesis that proximity matters. Das Papier basiert auf jüngeren Beiträgen zur Wachstumstheorie, die den Stellenwert eigener F&E-Anstrengungen und interregionaler Spillover-Effekte für die regionale Produktivitätsentwicklung betonen. F&E-Spillover zwischen funktionalen Regionen in Westdeutschland werden auf der Grundlage robuster Regressionsmethoden für den Zeitraum zwischen 1976 und 1996 untersucht. Die empirischen Ergebnisse deuten darauf hin, dass Wissensspillover die Grenzen funktionaler Regionen überschreiten. Zudem sind signifikante Spillover-Effekte vor allem zwischen räumlich benachbarten Gebieten festzustellen. Dieses Resultat bestätigt die Hypothese, dass räumliche Nähe von we- sentlicher Bedeutung ist.

Suggested Citation

  • Funke, Michael & Niebuhr, Annekatrin, 2000. "Spatial R&D Spillovers and Economic Growth - Evidence from West Germany," Discussion Paper Series 26396, Hamburg Institute of International Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:hwwadp:26396
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    Cited by:

    1. Cuma BOZKURT, 2015. "R&D Expenditures and Economic Growth Relationship in Turkey," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 5(1), pages 188-198.
    2. Haytem Ahmed Troug & Rashid Sbia, 2015. "Testing for the Presence of Asymmetric Information in the Oil Market: A Vector Autoregression Approach," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 5(3), pages 753-762.
    3. repec:ibn:ibrjnl:v:12:y:2019:i:4:p:163-174 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Niebuhr, Annekatrin, 2000. "Convergence and the effects of spatial interaction," HWWA Discussion Papers 110, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
    5. Badinger, Harald & Tondl, Gabriele, 2002. "Trade, human capital and innovation: The engines of European regional growth in the 1990s," ERSA conference papers ersa02p043, European Regional Science Association.
    6. Sauer, Thomas & Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang & Gerlach, Andrea, 2007. "Spatial localization of knowledge-transfer channels and face-to-face contacts: A survey of the Jena university-industry linkages," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2007,4, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    7. Piekkola, Hannu, 2005. "Public Funding of R&D and Growth: Firm-level Evidence from Finland," Discussion Papers 996, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
    8. Frantzen D., 2002. "R&D Spillovers and Scale Effects," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 222(6), pages 727-749, December.
    9. Jens K. Perret, 2010. "A Core-Periphery Pattern in Russia – Twin Peaks or a Rat’s Tail," EIIW Discussion paper disbei178, Universitätsbibliothek Wuppertal, University Library.
    10. Björn Alecke & Christoph Alsleben & Frank Scharr & Gerhard Untiedt, 2006. "Are there really high-tech clusters? The geographic concentration of German manufacturing industries and its determinants," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 40(1), pages 19-42, March.
    11. Bode, Eckhardt, 2001. "Is regional innovative activity path-dependent? An empirical analysis for Germany," Kiel Working Papers 1058, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    12. Thomas Doring & Jan Schnellenbach, 2006. "What do we know about geographical knowledge spillovers and regional growth?: A survey of the literature," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(3), pages 375-395.
    13. Piekkola, Hannu, 2005. "Knowledge Capital as the Source of Growth," Discussion Papers 972, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
    14. Döring, Thomas, 2005. "Räumliche Externalitäten von Wissen und ihre Konsequenzen für die Ausgestaltung des Finanzausgleichs," Forschungs- und Sitzungsberichte der ARL: Aufsätze,in: Das föderative System in Deutschland: Bestandsaufnahme, Reformbedarf und Handlungsempfehlungen aus raumwissenschaftlicher Sicht, pages 93-120 Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung (ARL) - Leibniz-Forum für Raumwissenschaften.

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    Keywords

    International Development; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies;

    JEL classification:

    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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