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Technological Diffusion, Convergence and Growth

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  • Barro, Robert J.
  • Sala-i-Martin, Xavier

Abstract

We construct a model that combines elements of endogenous growth with the convergence implications of the neoclassical growth model. In the long run the world growth rate is driven by discoveries in those economies that lead in their use of technology. Followers converge towards leaders because copying is cheaper than innovation over some range. A tendency for copying costs to increase reduces followers' growth rates and thereby generates a pattern of conditional convergence. We discuss how countries are selected to be technological leaders, and we assess welfare implications. Poorly-defined intellectual property rights imply that leaders have insufficient incentive to invent and followers have excessive incentive to copy.

Suggested Citation

  • Barro, Robert J. & Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1995. "Technological Diffusion, Convergence and Growth," CEPR Discussion Papers 1255, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:1255
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Convergence; Growth; R&D Models; Technological Diffusion;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O3 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights
    • O34 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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