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Economically Active Children and Home-care Children: How Much They Differ

  • Rana Ejaz Ali Khan

    (Department of Economics. Islamia University Bahawalpur Pakistan)

  • Karamat Ali

    (Department of Economics. Bahauddin Zakarya University Multan Pakistan)

Over the issue of the difference or otherwise between economically active children and home-care children, there are two competing claims by researchers. One holds that economically active children and home- care children are the same in that both groups of children have identical determinants, while the other contradicts this view. Using the probit analysis for both groups of children in Pakistan, our study compares the determinants of the two groups to check whether they have same determining factors and ultimately are the same or they differ with each other in this matter. It is found that a significant number of explanatory variables have shown opposite effect on economic activity of children and home-care activity of children. So it is concluded that economically active children and home-care children are two different groups which cannot be merged into each other. However, policies focused on elimination of economically active children trickle down the effect to home-care children as some determining factors of both groups are the same.

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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Labor and Demography with number 0510013.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: 12 Oct 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpla:0510013
Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 29
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  1. M.Biggeri & L.Guarcello & S.Lyon & F.Rosati, 2003. "The Puzzle of 'Idle' Children: Neither in School nor performing Economic Activity: Evidence from six Countries," UCW Working Paper 5, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
  2. Maitra, P. & Ray, R., 2000. "The Joint Estimation of Child Participation in Schooling and Employement: Comparative Evidence from Three Continents," Papers 2000-08, Tasmania - Department of Economics.
  3. Blunch, Niels-Hugo & Verner, Dorte, 2000. "Revisiting the link between poverty and child labor - the Ghanaian experience," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2488, The World Bank.
  4. Ranjan Ray, 2001. "Simultaneous Analysis of Child Labour and Child Schooling: Comparative Evidence from Nepal and Pakistan," ASARC Working Papers 2001-10, The Australian National University, Australia South Asia Research Centre.
  5. Ray, R., 1999. "Poverty, Household Size and Child Welfare in India," Papers 1999-01, Tasmania - Department of Economics.
  6. P.Deb & F.Rosati, 2004. "Estimating the Effect of Fertility Decisions on Child Labour and Schooling," UCW Working Paper 4, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
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