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Pauvreté et arbitrage entre scolarisation et travail des enfants au Mali

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  • Moussa Keita

    (CERDI - Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International - UdA - Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Cette étude analyse l’influence de la pauvreté sur les choix de scolarisation et de travail des enfants à partir des données provenant d’une enquête ménages réalisée par le CERDI, au Mali, en 2009 et en 2011. Ces choix sont a priori considérés comme deux formes particulières d’allocation du temps des enfants, l’une visant la formation du capital humain, l’autre constitue un recours à la main d’œuvre pour des besoins productifs immédiats du ménage. Nous tentons de montrer comment en situation de pauvreté le choix entre ces deux formes d’allocation présente un haut degré d’arbitrage pour le ménage. Les résultats montrent que l’accroissement de la probabilité de l’un des choix se traduit intrinsèquement par une baisse de probabilité de l’autre choix. Néanmoins, il apparaît que l’arbitrage entre la scolarisation et le travail de nature non-économique n’est pas significativement conditionné par le niveau de vie. En effet, nous trouvons que les travaux non-économiques sont beaucoup plus rigides à variation du niveau de vie. En revanche, c’est le travail économique qui semble être la composante la plus flexible et la plus réactive à la variation du niveau de vie, en ce sens où nous trouvons qu’un accroissement du niveau de vie (sur la base des actifs) se traduit par une baisse significative du temps de travail économique des enfants.

Suggested Citation

  • Moussa Keita, 2014. "Pauvreté et arbitrage entre scolarisation et travail des enfants au Mali," Working Papers halshs-01064821, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-01064821
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01064821
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    pauvrete; scolarisation; travail des enfants;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General

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