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Child Labor at District Level: A Case Study of Rawalpindi

  • Kulsoom, Rafia

Child labor is one of the problems that occur as a result of responses to the economic problems faced by vulnerable children. Keeping in view the theoretical background of existence of child labor across the world, the study analyzes the incidence of child labor from Rawalpindi city of Pakistan. It also empirically investigates the household demographics and incidence of child labor. The earning and participation functions were estimated for a sample of 150 children. All the coefficients and overall model was observed to be statistically significant. The major determinant of child labor is poverty. Age of the child has a positive impact on participation decisions: The older the child, the more probable he is to go to work. The ownership of asset has shown a negative impact on participation decisions. The study proposes that several income support measures should be provided to poor households as an instrument for reducing child labor.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/19161/1/MPRA_paper_19161.pdf
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 19161.

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Date of creation: Dec 2009
Date of revision: Dec 2009
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:19161
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  1. Sonia Bhalotra, 2003. "Is Child Work Necessary?," Bristol Economics Discussion Papers 03/554, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK.
  2. Maitra, P. & Ray, R., 2000. "The Joint Estimation of Child Participation in Schooling and Employement: Comparative Evidence from Three Continents," Papers 2000-08, Tasmania - Department of Economics.
  3. Partha Deb & Furio Rosati, 2002. "Determinants of Child Labor and School Attendance: The Role of Household Unobservables," Economics Working Paper Archive at Hunter College 02/9, Hunter College Department of Economics.
  4. Rana Ejaz Ali Khan, 2003. "Children in Different Activities: Child Schooling and Child Labour," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 42(2), pages 137-160.
  5. FurioCamillo Rosati & Zafiris Tzannatos, 2006. "Child Labour In Vietnam," Pacific Economic Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(1), pages 1-31, 02.
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