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Determinants of Schooling in Rural Areas of Pakistan


  • Rana Ejaz Ali Khan

    () (Lecturer in Economics, Govt. Faridia College, Pakpatan, Pakistan.)

  • Karamat Ali

    () (Dean, Faculty of Commerce, Law and Business Administration, BZU, Multan, Pakistan.)


The twin problems of low schoolenrolment and high gender disparity have widely been addressed inthe literature. In this paper we investigate the determinants of schooling of children overall and separately for boys and girls using primary data of rural households. The contribution of this paper lies in integrating the child schooling decisions of the households by rigorous econometric analysis. The empirical estimates based on the model point to certain findings. The first enrolment of children in schools is delayed and it is more severe for girls. There exists gender disparity in children’s schooling. The head of the household education significantly increases the probability of overall children’s schooling. It has a greater effect on boy’s schooling and does not matter in girl’s schooling. The head of household income has a slight impact on overall children’s enrolment but for girls it is significantly higher than boys. Parental education also significantly increases the probability of child’s schooling. Mother’s education exerts a much stronger effect of increasing school enrolment. The estimates of the gender specific determinants suggest that maternal education increases the likelihood of girl’s schooling enrolment than of boys. Higher per capita income of households and ownership of assets by households increases the probability of school attendance. Family sizeand household composition also plays a significant role. Children fromlarge families are more likely to go to school but children from households with a large number of children (up to 15 years) are less likely to go to school. Similarly, children from households with larger number of children (in the age group of 5-15) are less likely to go to school. It is sibling size (in both age groups) which hinders the schooling of children, not the family size.

Suggested Citation

  • Rana Ejaz Ali Khan & Karamat Ali, 2003. "Determinants of Schooling in Rural Areas of Pakistan," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 8(2), pages 99-122, Jul-Dec.
  • Handle: RePEc:lje:journl:v:8:y:2003:i:2:p:99-122

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    Cited by:

    1. Toseef Azid & Rana Ejaz Ali Khan, 2010. "Who are the children going to school in Urban Punjab (Pakistan)?," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 37(6), pages 442-465, May.
    2. Zahid Asghar & Mudassar Zahra, 2012. "A Benefit Incidence Analysisof Public Spending on Education in PakistanUsing PSLM Data," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 17(2), pages 111-136, July-Dec.

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