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Determinants of Child Labor in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: An Econometric Analysis

Author

Listed:
  • Ahmed, Syed Shujaat
  • Haider, Waqas
  • Khan, Dilawar

Abstract

This paper examines how child labor is useful for highlighting those factors because of which parents are forced to engage their children in economic activities. The research is based on cross-sectional data collected from one hundred sampled households through field survey out of which 50 are taken from schools and 50 from market. The binary choice model was used to analyse the determinants of child labour. The results of the econometric model show that the head of the household’s education and household’s average income are significantly and negatively correlated with child labour. The age of the child and family size are insignificantly and positively correlated with child labour. The results of the study conclude that parental education is necessary for better future of children. The study suggests that: 1.government and private sector should provide education facilities to the lower middle and poor people of Khyber Pukhtunkhwa province. 2. Open skill development centres in rural areas and urban areas so that those who do not afford the formal education can have some skills for themselves to get the basic needs of life.

Suggested Citation

  • Ahmed, Syed Shujaat & Haider, Waqas & Khan, Dilawar, 2012. "Determinants of Child Labor in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: An Econometric Analysis," MPRA Paper 73526, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:73526
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/73526/1/MPRA_paper_73526.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ans Kolk & Rob van Tulder, 2002. "Child Labor and Multinational Conduct: A Comparison of International Business andStakeholder Codes," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 36(3), pages 291-301, March.
    2. Kaushik Basu, 1999. "Child Labor: Cause, Consequence, and Cure, with Remarks on International Labor Standards," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(3), pages 1083-1119, September.
    3. Ponczek, Vladimir Pinheiro & Souza, André Portela Fernandes de, 2007. "The causal effect of family size on child labor and education," Textos para discussão 162, FGV EESP - Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Fundação Getulio Vargas (Brazil).
    4. Matthias Doepke & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2005. "The Macroeconomics of Child Labor Regulation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(5), pages 1492-1524, December.
    5. Rosenzweig, Mark R & Evenson, Robert E, 1977. "Fertility, Schooling, and the Economic Contribution of Children in Rural India: An Econometric Analysis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 45(5), pages 1065-1079, July.
    6. Ranjan Ray, 2000. "Analysis of child labour in Peru and Pakistan: A comparative study," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 13(1), pages 3-19.
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    12. Congdon Fors, Heather, 2007. "The Determinants of Rural Child Labor: An Application to India," Working Papers in Economics 256, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Education; Urban; Rural;

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • R0 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General

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