A note on multiple general equilibria with child labor
It has been conjectured, using partial equilibrium analysis, that the market for child labour is likely to exhibit multiple equilibria, with children working in some but not in others. Such a result has important policy implications, especially concerning the use of a legislative ban on child labour. This paper shows that the multiple equilibrium result holds in a formal general equilibrium model. The paper develops the concept of a 'wage bill curve' and shows how this is a useful tool for studying the relation between household preference and multiple equilibria. It also clarifies the kind of welfare criteria needed to justify a legislative ban on child labour.
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- Ranjan, Priya, 2001.
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- Luis Felipe López Calva, 2002. "A social stigma model of child labor," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 17(2), pages 193-217.
- Kaushik Basu, 1999.
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- Basu, Kaushik, 1998. "Child labor : cause, consequence, and cure, with remarks on International Labor Standards," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2027, The World Bank.
- Carol Ann Rogers & Kenneth A. Swinnerton, 1999.
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- Ray, Ranjan, 2000. "Child Labor, Child Schooling, and Their Interaction with Adult Labor: Empirical Evidence for Peru and Pakistan," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 14(2), pages 347-67, May.
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