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Household Income as a Determinant of Child Labor and School Enrollment in Brazil: Evidence from a Social Security Reform

  • Irineu Evangelista de Carvalho Filho

This article studies the effects of household income on labor participation and school enrollment of children aged 10–14 in Brazil using a social security reform as a source of exogenous variation in household income. I find that increased benefits are associated with increases in school enrollment for girls, as well as a smaller reduction in their labor participation, but I find no effects for boys. I also uncover evidence that the gender of the benefit receiver matters for girls’ labor variables: only benefits received by females reduce girls’ work.

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File URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/10.1086/662576
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File URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/full/10.1086/662576
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Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Economic Development and Cultural Change.

Volume (Year): 60 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 399 - 435

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Handle: RePEc:ucp:ecdecc:doi:10.1086/662576
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