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The Gender Pay Gap in Austria: Tamensi Movetur!

  • René Böheim

    (WIFO)

  • Klemens Himpele
  • Helmut Mahringer

    (WIFO)

  • Christine Zulehner

    (WIFO)

Policies to reduce the gender pay gap feature prominently on the political agenda and interventions in the labour market are frequently proposed, claiming a persistent wage gap. We examine the change of the gender wage gap in Austria between 2002 and 2007 with new data from administrative records and find that it declined from 24 percent in 2002 to 19 percent in 2007. We observe that women's improved educational attainments were partly offset by a shift in the demand for skilled workers that disadvantaged unskilled labour. The main determinant of this decline is however the improvement of women's relative position in unobserved characteristics.

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Paper provided by WIFO in its series WIFO Working Papers with number 394.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: 02 May 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wfo:wpaper:y:2011:i:394
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  1. Black, Sandra E. & Spitz-Oener, Alexandra, 2007. "Explaining Women’s Success: Technological Change and the Skill Content of Women’s Work," IZA Discussion Papers 2803, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Antonczyk, Dirk & Fitzenberger, Bernd & Sommerfeld, Katrin, 2010. "Rising wage inequality, the decline of collective bargaining, and the gender wage gap," ZEW Discussion Papers 10-014, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  3. Zweimuller, Jopsef & Winter- Ebmer, Rudolf, 1993. "Gender Wage Differentials in Private and Public Sector Jobs," Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, Working Paper Series qt7ps0140j, Institute of Industrial Relations, UC Berkeley.
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  6. Pointner, Wolfgang & Stiglbauer, Alfred, 2010. "Changes in the Austrian structure of wages, 1996-2002: evidence from linked employer-employee data," Working Paper Series 1268, European Central Bank.
  7. Muriel Niederle & Lise Vesterlund, 2007. "Do Women Shy Away From Competition? Do Men Compete Too Much?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 122(3), pages 1067-1101.
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  10. Francine D. Blau, 1996. "The Gender Pay Gap," NBER Working Papers 5664, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Arulampalam, Wiji & Booth, Alison L. & Bryan, Mark L., 2004. "Is There a Glass Ceiling over Europe? Exploring the Gender Pay Gap across the Wages Distribution," IZA Discussion Papers 1373, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  12. René Böheim & Helmut Hofer & Christine Zulehner, 2007. "Wage differences between Austrian men and women: semper idem?," Empirica, Springer, vol. 34(3), pages 213-229, July.
  13. Josef Zweimüller & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer & Rafael Lalive & Andreas Kuhn & Jean-Philippe Wuellrich & Oliver Ruf & Simon Büchi, 2009. "Austrian Social Security Database," NRN working papers 2009-03, The Austrian Center for Labor Economics and the Analysis of the Welfare State, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
    • Josef Zweimüller & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer & Rafael Lalive & Andreas Kuhn & Jean-Philippe Wuellrich & Oliver Ruf & Simon Büchi, 2009. "Austrian social security database," IEW - Working Papers 410, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  14. Klaus Grünberger & Christine Zulehner, 2009. "Gender-specific Wage Gaps in Austria," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 82(2), pages 139-150, February.
  15. Dora L. Costa & Matthew E. Kahn, 2008. "Learning from the Past," NBER Chapters, in: Heroes and Cowards: The Social Face of War National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. Böheim, René & Hofer, Helmut & Zulehner, Christine, 2005. "Wage Differences Between Men and Women in Austria: Evidence from 1983 and 1997," IZA Discussion Papers 1554, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  17. Juhn, Chinhui & Murphy, Kevin M & Pierce, Brooks, 1993. "Wage Inequality and the Rise in Returns to Skill," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(3), pages 410-42, June.
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