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Wage Differences Between Men and Women in Austria: Evidence from 1983 and 1997

Author

Listed:
  • Böheim, René

    () (University of Linz)

  • Hofer, Helmut

    () (IHS - Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna)

  • Zulehner, Christine

    () (University of Vienna)

Abstract

In most OECD countries the wage gap between men and women has declined during the past two decades. Developments of the last 20 years, e.g. increased labour market attachment of women, changes in the bargaining structure, and the introduction of equal pay laws, may have reduced the gender wage gap. We investigate the extent, persistence, and socio-economic determinants of the gender wage gap in Austria, for the years 1983 and 1997. Using wage decomposition techniques, we find that the average gender wage gap was almost as high in 1997 as it was in 1983. Not accounting for differences, the gender wage gap dropped from 25.5 to 23.3 per cent. Taking observable differences between men and women into account, we estimate that the mean gender wage gap which cannot be explained, i.e. discrimination against women, dropped from 18 to 15.5 per cent of men’s wages. The drop in discrimination is the main reason for the narrowing of the gender wage gap.

Suggested Citation

  • Böheim, René & Hofer, Helmut & Zulehner, Christine, 2005. "Wage Differences Between Men and Women in Austria: Evidence from 1983 and 1997," IZA Discussion Papers 1554, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp1554
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Christl, Michael & Köppl-Turyna, Monika, 2017. "Gender wage gap and the role of skills: evidence from PIAAC dataset," GLO Discussion Paper Series 63, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    2. Thomas Grandner & Dieter Gstach, 2012. "Decomposing wage discrimination in Germany and Austria with counterfactual densities," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp145, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
    3. René Böheim & Klemens Himpele & Helmut Mahringer & Christine Zulehner, 2011. "The Gender Pay Gap in Austria: Tamensi Movetur!," WIFO Working Papers 394, WIFO.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    decomposition; wage differentials; wage inequality;

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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