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Framework for the reform of education systems and planning for quality

Author

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  • Patrinos, Harry Anthony
  • Velez, Eduardo
  • Wang, Catherine Yan

Abstract

In 2000, the goal that, by 2015, all children will have access to, and complete, free and compulsory primary education of good quality, was set. Despite the progress in terms of student enrollment and completion, the quality of learning produced in developing countries remains poor. Existing models of education production are inadequate for informing education reform for the purpose of improving school quality, as measured by student learning. Thus, a broader and more integrated approach of policy making is put forward. Building on theory and empirical evidence on what works, the paper puts forward a framework for improving the quality of education. The framework includes six factors: (1) assessment; (2) autonomy; (3) accountability; (4) attention to teachers; (5) attention to early childhood development; and (6) attention to culture. Going forward, there is a need to develop a system of international quality benchmarks drawing on a larger body of evidence. Most importantly, more empirical evidence from impact evaluations is needed.

Suggested Citation

  • Patrinos, Harry Anthony & Velez, Eduardo & Wang, Catherine Yan, 2013. "Framework for the reform of education systems and planning for quality," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6701, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6701
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    File URL: http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2013/11/14/000158349_20131114130408/Rendered/PDF/WPS6701.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. World Bank, 2010. "Stepping Up Skills for More Jobs and Higher Productivity," World Bank Other Operational Studies 27892, The World Bank.
    2. Victor Lavy, 2009. "Performance Pay and Teachers' Effort, Productivity, and Grading Ethics," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(5), pages 1979-2011, December.
    3. Carnoy, Martin & Gove, Amber K. & Loeb, Susanna & Marshall, Jeffery H. & Socias, Miguel, 2008. "How schools and students respond to school improvement programs: The case of Brazil's PDE," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 22-38, February.
    4. Eric A. Hanushek & Ludger Woessmann, 2008. "The Role of Cognitive Skills in Economic Development," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, pages 607-668.
    5. Emiliana Vegas, 2005. "Incentives to Improve Teaching : Lessons from Latin America," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7265.
    6. Damon Clark, 2009. "The Performance and Competitive Effects of School Autonomy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 117(4), pages 745-783, August.
    7. Hanushek, Eric, 1971. "Teacher Characteristics and Gains in Student Achievement: Estimation Using Micro Data," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 61(2), pages 280-288, May.
    8. Hanushek, Eric A, 1986. "The Economics of Schooling: Production and Efficiency in Public Schools," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 24(3), pages 1141-1177, September.
    9. Gertler, Paul J. & Patrinos, Harry Anthony & Rubio-Codina, Marta, 2012. "Empowering parents to improve education: Evidence from rural Mexico," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(1), pages 68-79.
    10. Bishop, J., 1997. "The Effect of national Standards and Curriculum-Based Exams on Achievement," Papers 97-01, Cornell - Center for Advanced Human Resource Studies.
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    Cited by:

    1. World Bank, 2015. "Central America Social Expenditures and Institutional Review," World Bank Other Operational Studies 22491, The World Bank.
    2. repec:wbk:wboper:21805 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. World Bank, 2015. "Central America Social Expenditures and Institutional Review," World Bank Other Operational Studies 23608, The World Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Education For All; Primary Education; Tertiary Education; Teaching and Learning; Access&Equity in Basic Education;

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