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International Cooperation in Pharmaceutical Research


  • Anna Rita Bennato

    () (University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Department of Economics, and University of Bristol)

  • Laura Magazzini

    () (Department of Economics (University of Verona))


This paper aims at examining whether an increased stringency of Intellectual Property Right (IPR) protection is apt to stimulate international cooperation on research projects between developed and emerging countries. To address this issue, we look both at scientific and technological collaborations within the pharmaceutical domain, and we adopt a gravity framework to assess the impact of the IPR level on bilateral R&D cooperation. The analysis is conducted using data from patent and publication databases, and the results provide a sound test of conflicting theories on IPR enforcement and international collaborations in pharmaceutical research.

Suggested Citation

  • Anna Rita Bennato & Laura Magazzini, 2009. "International Cooperation in Pharmaceutical Research," Working Papers 62/2009, University of Verona, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ver:wpaper:62/2009

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. J. G. Booth & J. P. Hobert, 1999. "Maximizing generalized linear mixed model likelihoods with an automated Monte Carlo EM algorithm," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 61(1), pages 265-285.
    2. Hao Zhang, 2002. "On Estimation and Prediction for Spatial Generalized Linear Mixed Models," Biometrics, The International Biometric Society, vol. 58(1), pages 129-136, March.
    3. Ole F. Christensen & Rasmus Waagepetersen, 2002. "Bayesian Prediction of Spatial Count Data Using Generalized Linear Mixed Models," Biometrics, The International Biometric Society, vol. 58(2), pages 280-286, June.
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    More about this item


    IPRs; pharmaceutical products; R&D cooperation;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • O34 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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