Lifetime income and old age mortality risk in Italy over two decades
This paper examines the association between lifetime income and old age mortality risk, referred to as the income�mortality gradient, in Italy during the 1980s and 1990s. We find that the shape of the income�mortality gradient is characterized by two discontinuities (knots) for males and one discontinuity for females. For both genders, the estimated associations between income and mortality risk are negative and stronger at higher income levels. Results for the change in the income�mortality gradient between the 1980s and 1990s are sensitive to inclusion in the model of controls for regions. Without controlling for regional differences, the income-mortality gradient widens between the 1980s and the 1990s due to a rather surprising positive gradient for males whose income is below the 66th percentile in the 1980s. One possible explanation for this result could be the presence of manual workers with relatively high salary and high mortality during the 1980s in the industrialized Northwest. After controlling for regional differences, we find no empirical evidence of a change in the income�mortality gradient, including the position of the knots, over time
|Date of creation:||2012|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Cannaregio, S. Giobbe no 873 , 30121 Venezia|
Web page: http://www.unive.it/dip.economia
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Hans-Martin von Gaudecker & Rembrandt D. Scholz, 2006.
"Lifetime Earnings and Life Expectancy,"
MEA discussion paper series
06102, Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA) at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy.
- von Gaudecker, Hans-Martin & Scholz, Rembrandt, 2006. "Lifetime Earnings and Life Expectancy," Sonderforschungsbereich 504 Publications 07-05, Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Universität Mannheim;Sonderforschungsbereich 504, University of Mannheim.
- Gaudecker, Hans-Martin von & Scholz, Rembrandt D., 2006. "Lifetime earnings and life expectancy," Papers 07-05, Sonderforschungsbreich 504.
- Hans-Martin von Gaudecker & Rembrandt D. Scholz, 2006. "Lifetime earnings and life expectancy," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2006-008, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
- Stefan Hupfeld, 2011. "Non-monotonicity in the longevity–income relationship," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 24(1), pages 191-211, January.
- Dominik H. Enste & Friedrich Schneider, 2000. "Shadow Economies: Size, Causes, and Consequences," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 38(1), pages 77-114, March.
- Agar Brugiavini & Vincenzo Galasso, 2003.
"The Social Security Reform Process in Italy: Where do We Stand?,"
wp052, University of Michigan, Michigan Retirement Research Center.
- Brugiavini, Agar & Galasso, Vincenzo, 2004. "The social security reform process in Italy: where do we stand?," Journal of Pension Economics and Finance, Cambridge University Press, vol. 3(02), pages 165-195, July.
- van den Berg, Gerard J. & Lindeboom, Maarten & Portrait, France, 2011.
"Conjugal bereavement effects on health and mortality at advanced ages,"
Journal of Health Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 774-794, July.
- van den Berg, Gerard J. & Lindeboom, Maarten & Portrait, France, 2006. "Conjugal Bereavement Effects on Health and Mortality at Advanced Ages," IZA Discussion Papers 2358, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Gerard J. van den Berg & Maarten Lindeboom & France Portrait, 2007. "Conjugal Bereavement Effects on Health and Mortality at Advanced Ages," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 07-009/3, Tinbergen Institute.
- Orazio P. Attanasio & Carl Emmerson, 2003. "Mortality, Health Status, and Wealth," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 1(4), pages 821-850, 06.
- Adriaan Kalwij & Rob Alessie & Marike Knoef, 2013. "The Association Between Individual Income and Remaining Life Expectancy at the Age of 65 in the Netherlands," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 50(1), pages 181-206, February.
- Graziella Caselli & Franco Peracchi & Elisabetta Barbi & Rosa Maria Lipsi, 2003.
"Differential Mortality and the Design of the Italian System of Public Pensions,"
CEIS, vol. 17(SpecialIs), pages 45-78, 08.
- Graziella Caselli & Franco Peracchi & Elisabetta Barbi & Rosa Maria Lipsi, 2002. "Differential Mortality And The Design Of The Italian System Of Public Pensions," CHILD Working Papers wp07_02, CHILD - Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic economics - ITALY.
- M. Belloni & R. Alessie, 2008.
"The Importance of Financial Incentives on Retirement Choices: New Evidence for Italy,"
08-10, Utrecht School of Economics.
- Belloni, Michele & Alessie, Rob, 2009. "The importance of financial incentives on retirement choices: New evidence for Italy," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 578-588, October.
- Daniel Sullivan & Till von Wachter, 2009. "Average Earnings and Long-Term Mortality: Evidence from Administrative Data," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(2), pages 133-138, May.
- Bratti, Massimiliano, 2002.
"Labour Force Participation and Marital Fertility of Italian Women: The Role of Education,"
Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2002
34, Royal Economic Society.
- Massimiliano Bratti, 2003. "Labour force participation and marital fertility of Italian women: The role of education," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 16(3), pages 525-554, 08.
- Massimiliano BRATTI, 2001. "Labour Force Participation and Marital Fertility of Italian Women: The Role of Education," Working Papers 154, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
- Franco Peracchi, 2008.
"Height and Economic Development in Italy, 1730–1980,"
CEIS Research Paper
108, Tor Vergata University, CEIS, revised 10 Jul 2008.
- Franco Peracchi, 2008. "Height and Economic Development in Italy, 1730-1980," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(2), pages 475-481, May.
- repec:dau:papers:123456789/10510 is not listed on IDEAS
- Harriet Orcutt Duleep, 1986. "Measuring the Effect of Income on Adult Mortality Using Longitudinal Administrative Record Data," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 21(2), pages 238-251.
- Jennifer Montez & Robert Hummer & Mark Hayward, 2012. "Educational Attainment and Adult Mortality in the United States: A Systematic Analysis of Functional Form," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 49(1), pages 315-336, February.
- Julian Cristia, 2009.
"Rising Mortality and Life Expectancy Differentials by Lifetime Earnings in the United States,"
Research Department Publications
4607, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
- Cristia, Julian P., 2009. "Rising mortality and life expectancy differentials by lifetime earnings in the United States," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 984-995, September.
- Julian P. Cristia, 2009. "Rising Mortality and Life Expectancy Differentials by Lifetime Earnings in the United States," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6756, Inter-American Development Bank.
- Hans-Martin von Gaudecker & Rembrandt D. Scholz, 2007.
"Differential mortality by lifetime earnings in Germany,"
Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 17(4), pages 83-108, August.
- Michele Belloni & Carlo Maccheroni, 2013. "Actuarial Fairness When Longevity Increases: An Evaluation of the Italian Pension System," The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice, Palgrave Macmillan;The Geneva Association, vol. 38(4), pages 638-674, October.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ven:wpaper:2012:29. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Geraldine Ludbrook)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.