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Differential mortality by lifetime earnings in Germany

Author

Listed:
  • Hans-Martin von Gaudecker

    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)

  • Rembrandt D. Scholz

    (Rostocker Zentrum zur Erforschung des Demografischen Wandels)

Abstract

e estimate mortality rates by a measure of socio-economic status in a very large sample of male German pensioners aged ~65 or older. Our analysis is entirely nonparametric. Furthermore, the data enable us to compare mortality experiences in eastern and western Germany conditional on socio-economic status. As a simple summary measure, we compute period life expectancies at age~65. Our findings show a lower bound of almost 50 percent (six years) on the difference in life expectancy between the lowest and the highest socio-economic group considered. Within groups, we find similar values for the former GDR and western Germany. Our analysis contributes to the literature in three aspects. First, we provide the first population-based differential mortality study for Germany. Second, we use a novel measure of lifetime earnings as a proxy for socio-economic status that remains applicable to retired people. Third, the comparison between eastern and western Germany may provide some interesting insights for transformation countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Hans-Martin von Gaudecker & Rembrandt D. Scholz, 2007. "Differential mortality by lifetime earnings in Germany," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 17(4), pages 83-108, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:17:y:2007:i:4
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    East Germany; Germany; lifetime earnings measure; mortality; socioeconomic status; West Germany;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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