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Persistence in health limitations: a European comparative analysis

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  • Cristina Hernández-Quevedo
  • Andrew M. Jones
  • Nigel Rice

Abstract

This paper investigates the persistence in health limitations for individuals within the member states of the European Union. We use the full 8 waves of data available in the European Community Household Panel (ECHP) to explore the relative contributions of state dependence, unobserved heterogeneity and socioeconomic characteristics, in particular income, education and activity status, and how these vary across countries. We focus on binary measures of health limitations, constructed from the answers to the question: “Are you hampered in your daily activities by any physical or mental health problem, illness or disability?”. Dynamic non-linear panel data models are specified and estimated using both pooled and random effects probit and logit models together with complementary log-log models. The random effects probit specifications are preferred. Results reveal high state dependence of health limitations which remains after controlling for measures of socioeconomic status. There is heterogeneity in the socioeconomic gradient across countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Cristina Hernández-Quevedo & Andrew M. Jones & Nigel Rice, 2007. "Persistence in health limitations: a European comparative analysis," Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers 07/03, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York.
  • Handle: RePEc:yor:hectdg:07/03
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    health limitations; dynamic models; panel data;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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