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Regional Disparity, Transitional Dynamics and Convergence in China

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  • Tsun Se Cheong

    (Business School, University of Western Australia)

  • Yanrui Wu

    (Business School, University of Western Australia)

Abstract

Most studies of regional inequality in China are based on provincial level data with a few papers focusing on intra-provincial regional inequality. The objective of this study is to fill the void in the literature by using county-level data which cover 1485 counties and county-level cities in 22 provinces for the period of 1997-2007. This paper makes several contributions to the literature. First, the disparity between city and county subgroups within each province is examined. Second, the transitional dynamics of regional inequality are investigated for different spatial groups using the Markov transition matrix approach. Third, the stochastic kernel technique is applied to investigate convergence of the county-level units as a whole. The findings in this paper show high persistence in many spatial groups. Thus the poor county-level units may remain relatively poor over time. The model provides very little evidence of convergence to the mean income in various spatial groups. The empirical analysis highlights differences in transitional dynamics between cities and counties.

Suggested Citation

  • Tsun Se Cheong & Yanrui Wu, 2012. "Regional Disparity, Transitional Dynamics and Convergence in China," Economics Discussion / Working Papers 12-23, The University of Western Australia, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:uwa:wpaper:12-23
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    Cited by:

    1. Peng Bin & Xiaolan Chen & Andrea Fracasso & Chiara Tomasi, 2017. "Resource allocation and productivity across provinces in China," DEM Working Papers 2017/02, Department of Economics and Management.
    2. Marco Bee & Maria Michela Dickson & Flavio Santi, 2017. "Likelihood-based Risk Estimation for Variance-Gamma Models," DEM Working Papers 2017/03, Department of Economics and Management.
    3. Peng Bin, 2016. "Dynamic Development of Regional Disparity in Mainland China: An Experimental Study Based on a Multidimensional Index," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(12), pages 1-28, December.
    4. repec:bla:growch:v:48:y:2017:i:3:p:459-486 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Cheong, Tsun Se & Wu, Yanrui, 2014. "The impacts of structural transformation and industrial upgrading on regional inequality in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 339-350.
    6. Gabriella Berloffa & Eleonora Matteazzi & Paola Villa, 2017. "The intergenerational transmission of worklessness in Europe.The role of fathers and mothers," DEM Working Papers 2017/04, Department of Economics and Management.
    7. Yang, Jun & Zhang, Tengfei & Sheng, Pengfei & Shackman, Joshua D., 2016. "Carbon dioxide emissions and interregional economic convergence in China," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 52(PB), pages 672-680.
    8. Gabriella Berloffa & Eleonora Matteazzi & Alina Sandor & Paola Villa, 2017. "The quality of employment in the early labour market experience of young Europeans," DEM Working Papers 2017/05, Department of Economics and Management.
    9. Bin, Peng, 2015. "Regional Disparity and Dynamic Development of China: a Multidimensional Index," MPRA Paper 61849, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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