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Trade, Income Distribution And Poverty In Developing Countries: A Survey

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  • Amelia U. Santos-Paulino

Abstract

The paper surveys the theoretical and empirical research on how trade and trade liberalization affect poverty and income distribution. The impact of globalization on poverty reduction has been uneven but the findings in the literature are sensitive to modelling choices. Trade liberalization improves aggregate welfare but the gains are small and unequally distributed. The welfare effects are measured basically through price changes, focusing on the effect on the relative demand for domestic factors of production and, in particular, the demand for skilled relative to unskilled labour. The literature shows that poverty constraints originate from various sources including infrastructure, skills, incomplete markets, and policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Amelia U. Santos-Paulino, 2012. "Trade, Income Distribution And Poverty In Developing Countries: A Survey," UNCTAD Discussion Papers 207, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
  • Handle: RePEc:unc:dispap:207
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    File URL: http://www.unctad.org/en/PublicationsLibrary/osgdp20121_en.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Mahadevan, Renuka & Nugroho, Anda & Amir, Hidayat, 2017. "Do inward looking trade policies affect poverty and income inequality? Evidence from Indonesia's recent wave of rising protectionism," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 23-34.
    2. Yogi Vidyattama & Maheshwar Rao & Itismita Mohanty & Robert Tanton, 2014. "Modelling the impact of declining Australian terms of trade on the spatial distribution of income," International Journal of Microsimulation, International Microsimulation Association, vol. 7(1), pages 100-126.
    3. Erik Figueiredo & Márcio P. Laurini, 2016. "Poverty Elasticity: A Note on a New Empirical Approach," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 62(2), pages 394-401, June.

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