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Policy Alternatives In Reforming Power Utilities In Developing Countries: A Critical Survey

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  • Alberto Gabriele

Abstract

This paper examines the policy alternatives faced by developing countries in their endeavours to preserve and develop their electricity and gas systems, two service-oriented industries that - along with oil and coal - provide the bulk of the energy supply in both developed and developing countries. Even in very poor countries, industrially generated energy is indispensable for carrying out most economic activities. Therefore, Governments traditionally recognize that the supply of gas and electricity entails a fundamental public service dimension. Chapter I presents and defines the issues of liberalization, deregulation and privatization of energy utilities, and it attempts to locate energy reforms in a broader historical framework in which developing countries` Governments have faced increasing financial hardship. Chapter II reviews some experiences in energy sector reforms, focusing on some of the largest semi-industrialized countries in Latin America and Asia. A few remarks on the advisability of a flexible approach to reforming energy regimes in developing countries conclude the paper.

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  • Alberto Gabriele, 2004. "Policy Alternatives In Reforming Power Utilities In Developing Countries: A Critical Survey," UNCTAD Discussion Papers 168, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
  • Handle: RePEc:unc:dispap:168
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    Cited by:

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    3. Christopher L. Gilbert, 2010. "Speculative Influences On Commodity Futures Prices 2006-2008," UNCTAD Discussion Papers 197, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
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    8. Carlos M. Correa, 2015. "Intellectual property: How much room is left for industrial policy?," UNCTAD Discussion Papers 223, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
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    10. Arpita Mukherjee & Ramneet Goswami, 2009. "Trade in Energy Services - GATS and India," Energy Working Papers 22233, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    11. André Nassif & Carmem Feijó & Eliane Araújo, 2015. "Structural change and economic development: is Brazil catching up or falling behind?," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 39(5), pages 1307-1332.
    12. André Nassif & Carmem Feijó & Eliane Araújo, 2011. "The Long-Term “Optimal” Real Exchange Rate And The Currency Overvaluation Trend In Open Emerging Economies: The Case Of Brazil," UNCTAD Discussion Papers 206, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
    13. Fernandes, Ana M. & Paunov, Caroline, 2008. "Foreign direct investment in services and manufacturing productivity growth: evidence for Chile," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4730, The World Bank.
    14. Emanuele Bacchiocchi & Alessandro Missale, 2015. "Multilateral indexed loans and debt sustainability," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 31(3-4), pages 305-329.
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    18. Enrique Cosio-Pascal, 2008. "The Emerging Of A Multilateral Forum For Debt Restructuring: The Paris Club," UNCTAD Discussion Papers 192, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
    19. Shigehisa Kasahara, 2013. "The Asian Developmental State And The Flying Geese Paradigm," UNCTAD Discussion Papers 213, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
    20. Jörg Mayer, 2010. "Global Rebalancing: Effects On Trade Flows And Employment," UNCTAD Discussion Papers 200, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
    21. Stephany Griffith-Jones, 2014. "A Brics Development Bank: A Dream Coming True?," UNCTAD Discussion Papers 215, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
    22. Amelia U. Santos-Paulino, 2012. "Trade, Income Distribution And Poverty In Developing Countries: A Survey," UNCTAD Discussion Papers 207, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
    23. Javier Lindenboim & Damián Kennedy & Juan M. Graña, 2011. "Share Of Labour Compensation And Aggregate Demand – Discussions Towards A Growth Strategy," UNCTAD Discussion Papers 203, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
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    25. Filimonov, Vladimir & Bicchetti, David & Maystre, Nicolas & Sornette, Didier, 2014. "Quantification of the high level of endogeneity and of structural regime shifts in commodity markets," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 174-192.

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