When is Lift-off? Evaluating Forward Guidance from the Shadow
We examine the record of the CD Howe’s shadow Monetary Policy Council (SMPC) in Canada. We report a considerable diversity of opinion about the recommended future path of interest rates inside the SMPC. During the period of Bank of Canada forward guidance, market determined forward rates diverge considerably from the recommendations implied by the SMPC. Nevertheless, there is little evidence that the Bank of Canada and the SMPC coordinate their future views about the interest rate path. Finally, changes in views about future changes in policy rates for horizons beyond the next two interest rate decisions are difficult to explain. Our findings imply that there remain challenges in understanding the evolution of future interest rate paths over time. We conclude with some policy implications.
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