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When is Lift-off? Evaluating Forward Guidance from the Shadow

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  • Matthias Neuenkirch
  • Pierre L. Siklos

Abstract

We examine the record of the CD Howe’s shadow Monetary Policy Council (SMPC) in Canada. We report a considerable diversity of opinion about the recommended future path of interest rates inside the SMPC. During the period of Bank of Canada forward guidance, market determined forward rates diverge considerably from the recommendations implied by the SMPC. Nevertheless, there is little evidence that the Bank of Canada and the SMPC coordinate their future views about the interest rate path. Finally, changes in views about future changes in policy rates for horizons beyond the next two interest rate decisions are difficult to explain. Our findings imply that there remain challenges in understanding the evolution of future interest rate paths over time. We conclude with some policy implications.

Suggested Citation

  • Matthias Neuenkirch & Pierre L. Siklos, 2014. "When is Lift-off? Evaluating Forward Guidance from the Shadow," Research Papers in Economics 2014-03, University of Trier, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:trr:wpaper:201403
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    File URL: http://www.uni-trier.de/fileadmin/fb4/prof/VWL/EWF/Research_Papers/2014-03.pdf
    File Function: Second version, 2014
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bernd Hayo & Ummad Mazhar, 2014. "Monetary Policy Committee Transparency: Measurement, Determinants, and Economic Effects," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 25(4), pages 739-770, September.
    2. Aleš Bulíř & Martin Čihák & David-Jan Jansen, 2013. "What Drives Clarity of Central Bank Communication About Inflation?," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 24(1), pages 125-145, February.
    3. Balázs Égert, 2010. "The Impact of Monetary and Commodity Fundamentals, Macro News and Central Bank Communication on the Exchange Rate: Evidence from South Africa," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 21(5), pages 655-677, November.
    4. Pierre L. Siklos & Matthias Neuenkirch, 2015. "How Monetary Policy Is Made: Two Canadian Tales," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 11(1), pages 225-250, January.
    5. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
    6. Newey, Whitney & West, Kenneth, 2014. "A simple, positive semi-definite, heteroscedasticity and autocorrelation consistent covariance matrix," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", pages 125-132.
    7. Arnab Bhattacharjee & Sean Holly, 2010. "Rational Partisan Theory, Uncertainty, And Spatial Voting: Evidence For The Bank Of England'S Mpc," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(2), pages 151-179, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Pierre L. Siklos & Matthias Neuenkirch, 2015. "How Monetary Policy Is Made: Two Canadian Tales," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 11(1), pages 225-250, January.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank of Canada; central bank communication; forward guidance; monetary policy committees; shadow councils; Taylor rules;

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • E69 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Other

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