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Speed of Transition, Unemployment Dynamics and Nonemployment Policies: Evidence from the Visegrad Countries

  • Randolph Luca Bruno

In Central and Eastern Europe the restructuring process of large state enterprises had the effect of increasing unemployment. Social policy expenditure, in particular nonemployment policies, grew faster then expected due to the need of financing the \textit{out of labor force} categories. The interactions among unemployment, speed of transition and nonemployment subsidies/pensions are studied taking into account the shrinking labor force during transition. The reallocation of workers from the state to the private sector imposed a heavy burden on the budget deficit due to the increased social policy expenditure. This combination of effects is captured by a model of the speed of transition, in which a non-constant labor force is considered as well as the opposition of the insiders to restructuring is accounted for. After the reforms of the so-called Passive Labor Market Policies (PLMPs) at the beginning of 1992, there was a slowing down of the transition and this is has not been yet completely explained by the Optimal Speed of Transition (OST) literature.

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Paper provided by Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy in its series LEM Papers Series with number 2003/23.

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Date of creation: 25 Dec 2003
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Handle: RePEc:ssa:lemwps:2003/23
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  1. Andrew Atkeson & Patrick J. Kehoe, 1995. "Social insurance and transition," Working Papers 547, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
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  9. Tito Boeri & Katherine Terrell, 2001. "Institutional Determinants of Labor Reallocation in Transition," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 384, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  10. Rodrik Dani, 1995. "The Dynamics of Political Suppport for Reform in Economies in Transition," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 403-425, December.
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  13. Bankim Chadha & Fabrizio Coricelli & Kornélia Krajnyák, 1993. "Economic Restructuring, Unemployment, and Growth in a Transition Economy," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 40(4), pages 744-780, December.
  14. Fernandez, Raquel & Rodrik, Dani, 1991. "Resistance to Reform: Status Quo Bias in the Presence of Individual-Specific Uncertainty," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(5), pages 1146-55, December.
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  20. G�rard Roland, 2002. "The Political Economy of Transition," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(1), pages 29-50, Winter.
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  24. Stepan Jurajda & Katherine Terrell, 2000. "Optimal Speed of Transition: Micro Evidence from the Czech Republic," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 355, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  25. Aghion, Philippe & Blanchard, Olivier J & Carlin, Wendy, 1994. "The Economics of Enterprise Restructuring in Central and Eastern Europe," CEPR Discussion Papers 1058, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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