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Dépenses publiques d'éducation et inégalités. Une perspective de cycle de vie

Author

Listed:
  • Guillaume Allegre

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

  • Thomas Melonio

    (Agence Française de Développement)

  • Xavier Timbeau

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Abstract

Nous mesurons l’impact redistributif des dépenses éducatives et de leur financement. Nous adoptons une perspective de cycle de vie qui consiste à estimer pour chaque individu les dépenses publiques d’éducation dont il a bénéficié, et l’imposition nécessaire pour les financer. Nous concluons que les dépenses d’éducation et leur financement public au-delà de l’âge de l’enseignement obligatoire aggravent légèrement les inégalités entre ménages classés selon l’origine sociale ; en revanche, nos résultats s’inversent quand les individus sont classés selon leur revenu futur estimé. Ces transferts sont un enjeu d’équité marginal par rapport à celui lié aux différences de parcours scolaires et professionnels en fonction du milieu social.

Suggested Citation

  • Guillaume Allegre & Thomas Melonio & Xavier Timbeau, 2012. "Dépenses publiques d'éducation et inégalités. Une perspective de cycle de vie," Sciences Po publications 2012-19, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/53r60a8s3kup1vc9jipk5i5h7
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Xavier Timbeau, 2011. "Solidarité intergénérationnelle et dette publique," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(1), pages 191-212.
    2. Balazs Egert, 2013. "The Efficiency and Equity of the Tax and Transfer System in France," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp1047, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    3. Xavier Timbeau, 2014. "From austerity to stagnation how to avoid the deflation trap: The independant annual growth survey 2014," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/c5gs2rgi93a, Sciences Po.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Finacement de l'éducation; Enseignement supérieur; inégalités; Redistribution; Cycle de vie;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid
    • H40 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - General

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