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Dépenses publiques d’éducation et inégalités Une perspective de cycle de vie

In this article, we measure the redistributive impact of education expenses when financed publicly. We consider a life-cycle perspective and estimate, for each individual, the education expenses received and the taxes paid during his or her foreseen career. We conclude that the public financing of non-compulsory education slightly increases inequality, while the public financing of compulsory education strongly diminishes inequalities among individuals of a same generation. However, these transfers seem to matter far less than the differences in future income due to an unequal access to higher education based on social origin. Classification JEL : D31, D63, I22, H40

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File URL: http://www.ofce.sciences-po.fr/pdf/dtravail/WP2010-06.pdf
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Paper provided by Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE) in its series Documents de Travail de l'OFCE with number 2010-06.

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Date of creation: Mar 2010
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Handle: RePEc:fce:doctra:1006
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  1. Alan J. Auerbach & Jagadeesh Gokhale & Laurence J. Kotlikoff, 1994. "Generational Accounting: A Meaningful Way to Evaluate Fiscal Policy," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 8(1), pages 73-94, Winter.
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  8. Chojnicki, Xavier & Docquier, Frédéric, 2004. "Fiscal Policy and Educational Attainment in the United States – A Generational Accounting Perspective," IZA Discussion Papers 1040, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Alan J. Auerbach & Jagadeesh Gokhale & Laurence J. Kotlikoff, 1991. "Generational Accounts: A Meaningful Alternative to Deficit Accounting," NBER Chapters, in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 5, pages 55-110 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Jagadeesh Gokhale & Benjamin R. Page & John Sturrock, 1999. "Generational Accounts for the United States: An Update," NBER Chapters, in: Generational Accounting around the World, pages 489-518 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Abowd, John M & Card, David, 1989. "On the Covariance Structure of Earnings and Hours Changes," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(2), pages 411-45, March.
  12. François Marical & Marco Mira d'Ercole & Maria Vaalavuo & Gerlinde Verbist, 2006. "Publicly-provided Services and the Distribution of Resources," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 45, OECD Publishing.
  13. Sébastien Roux & Thierry Magnac, 2009. "Dynamique des salaires dans une cohorte," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 187(1), pages 1-24.
  14. John W. Kendrick, 1976. "The Formation and Stocks of Total Capital," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number kend76-1, June.
  15. Alain Trannoy, 2006. "Financement des universités, financement des études," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 116(6), pages 745-782.
  16. repec:inr:wpaper:20027 is not listed on IDEAS
  17. Jean-François Payen & Stefan Lollivier, 1990. "L'hétérogénéité des carrières individuelles mesurée sur données de panel," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 92(1), pages 87-95.
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