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Dépenses publiques d'éducation et inégalités. Une perspective de cycle de vie

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  • Guillaume Allègre
  • Thomas Melonio
  • Xavier Timbeau

Abstract

In this article, we measure the redistributive impact of education expenses when financed publicly. We consider a life-cycle perspective and estimate, for each individual, the education expenses received and the taxes paid during his or her foreseen career. We conclude that the public financing of non-compulsory education slightly increases inequality, while the public financing of compulsory education strongly diminishes inequalities among individuals of a same generation. However, these transfers seem to matter far less than the differences in future income due to an unequal access to higher education based on social origin. Classification JEL : D31, D63, I22, H40

Suggested Citation

  • Guillaume Allègre & Thomas Melonio & Xavier Timbeau, 2012. "Dépenses publiques d'éducation et inégalités. Une perspective de cycle de vie," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 63(6), pages 1055-1079.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_636_1055
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    Cited by:

    1. Xavier Timbeau & Ofce Observatoire Français Des Conjonctures Économiques, 2014. "From austerity to stagnation how to avoid the deflation trap," Post-Print hal-03603164, HAL.
    2. Xavier Timbeau, 2011. "Solidarité intergénérationnelle et dette publique," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(1), pages 191-212.
    3. Balazs Egert, 2013. "The Efficiency and Equity of the Tax and Transfer System in France," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp1047, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    4. Xavier Timbeau & OFCE Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques, 2014. "From austerity to stagnation how to avoid the deflation trap: The independant annual growth survey 2014," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/c5gs2rgi93a, Sciences Po.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid
    • H40 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - General

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