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Dépenses publiques d'éducation et inégalités. Une perspective de cycle de vie

  • Guillaume Allègre
  • Thomas Mélonio
  • Xavier Timbeau

In this article, we measure the redistributive impact of education expenses when financed publicly. We consider a life-cycle perspective and estimate, for each individual, the education expenses received and the taxes paid during his or her foreseen career. We conclude that the public financing of non-compulsory education slightly increases inequality, while the public financing of compulsory education strongly diminishes inequalities among individuals of a same generation. However, these transfers seem to matter far less than the differences in future income due to an unequal access to higher education based on social origin. Classification JEL : D31, D63, I22, H40

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Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 63 (2012)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
Pages: 1055-1079

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Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_636_1055
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  1. Alan J. Auerbach & Jagadeesh Gokhale & Laurence J. Kotlikoff, 1994. "Generational Accounting: A Meaningful Way to Evaluate Fiscal Policy," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 8(1), pages 73-94, Winter.
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  12. Robert Eisner, 1984. "Transfers in a Total Incomes System of Accounts," NBER Chapters, in: Economic Transfers in the United States, pages 9-36 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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