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Solidarité intergénérationnelle et dette publique

Listed author(s):
  • Xavier Timbeau

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Financer une dépense par la dette ou par l’impôt est-il équivalent ? Ricardo, formalisé et étendu par Barro, nous dit que la dette n’est qu’un impôt futur et que des agents conscients du futur ne doivent pas considérer le recours à la dette autrement que comme un paiement différé. Mais le cadre de Barro est si particulier que le résultat obtenu n’est pas vraisemblable. La dette publique suspend la question du financement. Comme les générations passent, les plus âgés échappent à la possibilité de la taxation alors que les plus jeunes s’y trouvent exposés. Mais l’analyse du choix de financement ne peut se limiter à qui paie. Elle doit également prendre en compte ce que le choix de dépense et de son financement implique comme modification de la trajectoire de l’économie. La dépense profitera, suivant sa nature, plus ou moins aux générations actuelles ou aux futures. Le mode de financement ne doit se choisir qu’en fonction de ce critère. Plus généralement, il est vain de chercher à n’avoir aucun impact sur les générations futures. Nos choix ont des conséquences futures, directement ou non. Nous sommes liés aux générations futures.

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File URL: http://spire.sciencespo.fr/hdl:/2441/5l6uh8ogmqildh09h61kh4poj/resources/9-116.pdf
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Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number info:hdl:2441/5l6uh8ogmqildh09h61kh4poj.

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Date of creation: Jan 2011
Publication status: Published in Revue de l'OFCE, 2011, pp.191-212
Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/5l6uh8ogmqildh09h61kh4poj
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.sciencespo.fr/

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