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International Capital Mobility and Aggregate Volatility: the Case of Credit-Rationed Open Economies


  • Patrick Pintus


This paper studies how international capital mobility affects aggregate volatility by considering the case of imperfect financial markets such that only physical capital serves as collateral for international borrowing, whereas human capital cannot. We find that credit-rationed, small open economies may be destabilized by expectation-driven fluctuations, even in the presence of small externalities, provided that the share of human capital is low enough. It follows that economies that highly borrow on international credit markets are more susceptible, through a financial accelerator effect, to expectation-driven fluctuations. Moreover, opening the capital account may push a saddle-point stable economy on a volatile path. On the contrary, tighter constraints on external borrowing may protect the economy against expectation-driven volatility. In contrast with existing results relying on the assumption of perfect financial markets, both the elasticity of labor supply and the elasticity of intertemporal substitution in consumption, though less traditionally, condition the set of parameter values associated with expectation-driven fluctuations. Finally, we extend the basic model and show, first, that tax progressivity (resp. regressivity) may protect (resp. expose) the economy against (resp. to) expectation-driven volatility and, second, that our main results do not specifically depend on the presence of externalities.

Suggested Citation

  • Patrick Pintus, 2004. "International Capital Mobility and Aggregate Volatility: the Case of Credit-Rationed Open Economies," Computing in Economics and Finance 2004 193, Society for Computational Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:sce:scecf4:193

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Orgiazzi, Elsa, 2008. "Financial development and instability: The role of the labour share," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(4), pages 215-236, December.

    More about this item


    international financial markets; endogenous borrowing constraints; progressive taxation; indeterminacy and expectation-driven fluctuations;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies

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