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Progressive Taxation and Macroeconomic (In)stability with Utility-Generating Government Spending

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  • Jang-Ting Guo

    () (Department of Economics, University of California Riverside)

  • Shu-Hua Chen

    (National Taipei University)

Abstract

We examine the theoretical interrelations between progressive income taxation and macroeconomic (in)stability in an otherwise standard one-sector real business cycle model with utility-generating government purchases of goods and services. When private and public consumption expenditures are complements in the household utility and the tax schedule is progressive, we analytically show that the economy exhibits indeterminacy and sunspots if and only if the degree of government-spending preference externality is higher than a critical threshold. Unlike traditional Keynesian-type stabilization policies, raising the tax progressivity may destabilize this version of our model by generating endogenous cyclical áuctuations. Moreover, the economy always displays saddle-path stability and equilibrium uniqueness under utility substitutability between private and public consumptions and progressive taxation.

Suggested Citation

  • Jang-Ting Guo & Shu-Hua Chen, 2013. "Progressive Taxation and Macroeconomic (In)stability with Utility-Generating Government Spending," Working Papers 201302, University of California at Riverside, Department of Economics, revised Apr 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucr:wpaper:201302
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

    1. Fujisaki, Seiya, 2017. "Equilibrium Determinacy in a Two-Tax System with Utility from Government Expenditure," MPRA Paper 81214, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Philipp Engler & Wolfgang Strehl, 2016. "The Macroeconomic Effects of Progressive Taxes and Welfare," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1626, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    3. Jang-Ting Guo & Juin-Jen Chang & Jhy-Yuan Shieh & Wei-Neng Wang, 2017. "Sectoral Composition of Government Spending, Distortionary Income Taxation, and Macroeconomic (In)stabilit," Working Papers 201702, University of California at Riverside, Department of Economics.
    4. repec:eur:ejesjr:64 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Jang-Ting Guo & Shu-Hua Chen, 2016. "On Indeterminacy and Growth under Progressive Taxation and Utility-Generating Government Spending," Working Papers 201604, University of California at Riverside, Department of Economics.
    6. repec:eur:ejesjr:178 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Progressive Income Taxation; Equilibrium (In)determinacy; Utility-Generating.;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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