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Causes and Consequences of Global Imbalances: Perspective from Developing Asia

Author

Listed:
  • Adams, Charles

    (National University of Singapore)

  • Park, Donghyun

    (Asian Development Bank)

Abstract

Global current account imbalances are one of the key macroeconomic imbalances that underlie the global financial crisis. The central objective of this paper is to analyze the causes and consequences of global imbalances from the perspective of developing Asia. More specifically, we examine the root causes of the large and persistent current account surpluses that have emerged in the region since the Asian crisis. We also explore the consequences of global imbalances for the region, in terms of welfare and economic growth. Based on our analysis, we recommend a number of concrete policy directions to help Asia rebalance its demand and growth toward domestic sources.

Suggested Citation

  • Adams, Charles & Park, Donghyun, 2009. "Causes and Consequences of Global Imbalances: Perspective from Developing Asia," ADB Economics Working Paper Series 157, Asian Development Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:adbewp:0157
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Michael P. Dooley & David Folkerts-Landau & Peter Garber, 2004. "The revived Bretton Woods system," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 9(4), pages 307-313.
    2. Sebastian Edwards, 2002. "Does the Current Account Matter?," NBER Chapters,in: Preventing Currency Crises in Emerging Markets, pages 21-76 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Chinn, Menzie D. & Ito, Hiro, 2007. "Current account balances, financial development and institutions: Assaying the world "saving glut"," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 546-569, June.
    4. Park, Donghyun & Shin, Kwanho, 2009. "Saving, Investment, and Current Account Surplus in Developing Asia," ADB Economics Working Paper Series 158, Asian Development Bank.
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    Cited by:

    1. Didier, Tatiana & Llovet, Ruth & Schmukler, Sergio L., 2017. "International financial integration of East Asia and Pacific," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 52-66.
    2. Arslan Razmi & Gonzalo Hernandez, 2011. "Can Asia Sustain an Export-Led Growth Strategy in the Aftermath of the Global Crisis? An Empirical Exploration," Development Economics Working Papers 23207, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    3. Prabir De & Chiranjib Neogi, 2010. "Global Financial Crisis : Implications for Trade and Industrial Restructuring in India," Trade Working Papers 23067, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    4. Hwee Kwan Chow, 2010. "Asian Tigers’ Choices: An Overview," Working Papers id:2928, eSocialSciences.
    5. Thorbecke, Willem, 2011. "Transpacific Imbalances and Macroeconomic Codependency," ADBI Working Papers 299, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    6. Hwee Kwan Chow, 2010. "Asian Tigers’ Choices : An Overview," Trade Working Papers 21879, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    7. Yan, Isabel K. & Kumhof, Michael, 2011. "Too much of a good thing? on the effects of limiting foreign reserve accumulation," MPRA Paper 35231, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Kumhof, Michael & Yan, Isabel, 2016. "Balance-of-payments anti-crises," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 186-202.
    9. De, Prabir & Neogi, Chiranjib, 2011. "Global Financial and Economic Crisis: Implications for Trade and Industrial Restructuring in South Asia," ADBI Working Papers 294, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    10. Catherine Figuière & Laëtitia Guilhot, 2010. "La Chine : avenir du découplage asiatique ?," Post-Print halshs-00456498, HAL.
    11. Joseph Gagnon, 2012. "Global imbalances and foreign asset expansion by developing-economy central banks," BIS Papers chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Are central bank balance sheets in Asia too large?, volume 66, pages 168-185 Bank for International Settlements.
    12. Jimenez, Gonzalo Hernandez & Razmi, Arslan, 2013. "Can Asia sustain an export-led growth strategy in the aftermath of the global crisis? Exploring a neglected aspect," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 45-61.
    13. Luis Servén & Ha Nguyen, 2013. "Global Imbalances: Origins and Prospects," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 28(2), pages 191-219, August.
    14. Vincent C.S. Lim & Victor Pontines, 2012. "Global Imbalances: A Primer," Staff Papers, South East Asian Central Banks (SEACEN) Research and Training Centre, number sp86, April.
    15. Yiping Huang & Bijun Wang, 2011. "From the Asian Miracle to an Asian Century? Economic Transformation in the 2000s and Prospects for the 2010s," RBA Annual Conference Volume,in: Hugo Gerard & Jonathan Kearns (ed.), The Australian Economy in the 2000s Reserve Bank of Australia.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Global imbalances; current account; global financial crisis; rebalancing; Asia;

    JEL classification:

    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies

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