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Global Imbalances: A Primer

Author

Listed:
  • Vincent C.S. Lim
  • Victor Pontines

Abstract

The global imbalances (current-account of BOP) refers to the large current account deficits of developed economies such as the United States and the large surpluses of developing economies such as China and oil rich economies of the Middle East and Russia. In other words, global imbalances are inevitably viewed as the surplus net savings of the developing economies financing the consumption/investment of deficit developed economies. Against the backdrop of the recent Global Financial Crisis (GFC), persistent large global imbalances were seen as one of the triggering factors for causing the crisis. The argument is that before the crisis, the flows of savings from emerging to developed economies eased financial constraints in deficit economies, thereby lowering global interest rates resulting in the credit boom and excessive risk taking. While the causes of the GFC are still open to debate, it may be prudent, nonetheless, to contain global imbalances even though it may have not directly triggered the crisis. In the current situation, there is still this urgent need to address these imbalances to prevent the world economy of being stuck in “midstream”, thus threatening the sustainability of the global recovery.

Suggested Citation

  • Vincent C.S. Lim & Victor Pontines, 2012. "Global Imbalances: A Primer," Staff Papers, South East Asian Central Banks (SEACEN) Research and Training Centre, number sp86, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:sea:spaper:sp86
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    File URL: http://www.seacen.org/GUI/pdf/publications/staff_paper/2012/staffpaper86.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Pontines, Victor & Siregar, Reza Y., 2012. "Fear of appreciation in East and Southeast Asia: The role of the Chinese renminbi," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 324-334.
    2. Victor Pontines & Reza Y. Siregar, 2012. "Exchange Rate Asymmetry and Flexible Exchange Rates under Inflation Targeting Regimes: Evidence from Four East and Southeast Asian Countries," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, pages 893-908.
    3. Peter Haiss & Kjell Sümegi, 2008. "The relationship between insurance and economic growth in Europe: a theoretical and empirical analysis," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 35(4), pages 405-431, September.
    4. Feldstein, Martin, 2008. "Resolving the Global Imbalance: The Dollar and the U.S. Saving Rate," Scholarly Articles 2792081, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    5. Morgan, Peter J., 2012. "The role of macroeconomic policy in rebalancing growth," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, pages 13-25.
    6. Adams , Charles & Park, Donghyun, 2009. "Causes and Consequences of Global Imbalances: Perspective from Developing Asia," Asian Development Review, Asian Development Bank, vol. 26(1), pages 19-47.
    7. Carbaugh Robert J & Hedrick David W, 2009. "Will the Dollar be Dethroned as the Main Reserve Currency?," Global Economy Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 9(3), pages 1-16, September.
    8. Martin Feldstein, 2008. "Resolving the Global Imbalance: The Dollar and the U.S. Saving Rate," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 22(3), pages 113-125, Summer.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Gan-Ochir Doojav & Borkhuu Gotovsuren & Tsenddorj Dorjpurev, 2012. "Financial Contagion and Volatile Capital Flows," Occasional Papers, South East Asian Central Banks (SEACEN) Research and Training Centre, number occ56, April.
    2. Hookyu Rhu & C.S. Lim Vincent & L.C. Ong Vivien, 2012. "Rethink Policy Collaboration," Staff Papers, South East Asian Central Banks (SEACEN) Research and Training Centre, number sp88, April.
    3. Eufrocinio M. Bernabe, Jr, 2012. "Framework for Macro-prudential Policies for Emerging Economies in a Globalized Environment," Research Studies, South East Asian Central Banks (SEACEN) Research and Training Centre, number rp88, April.

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