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Regulations and soundness of insurance firms: International evidence

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  • Pasiouras, Fotios
  • Gaganis, Chrysovalantis

Abstract

This paper provides the first cross-country study on the association between firms' soundness and regulatory policies in the insurance industry. Measuring solvency with an accounting based measure of distance to default, namely the Z-score, we find that the power of the supervisory authorities, and regulations related to both technical provisions and investments have an impact on soundness that is robust to controls for firm-specific and country-specific factors. In contrast, corporate governance and internal control rules do not influence soundness. Similarly, capital requirements do not appear to have a robust impact on soundness.

Suggested Citation

  • Pasiouras, Fotios & Gaganis, Chrysovalantis, 2013. "Regulations and soundness of insurance firms: International evidence," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 66(5), pages 632-642.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbrese:v:66:y:2013:i:5:p:632-642
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2012.09.023
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    Cited by:

    1. Gaganis, Chrysovalantis & Hasan, Iftekhar & Pasiouras, Fotios, 2016. "Regulations, institutions and income smoothing by managing technical reserves: International evidence from the insurance industry," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 59(PA), pages 113-129.
    2. Martin Eling & David Pankoke, 2016. "Costs and Benefits of Financial Regulation: An Empirical Assessment for Insurance Companies," The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice, Palgrave Macmillan;The Geneva Association, vol. 41(4), pages 529-554, October.
    3. Eling, Martin & Jia, Ruo & Schaper, Philipp, 2017. "Get the Balance Right: A Simultaneous Equation Model to Analyze Growth, Profitability, and Safety," Working Papers on Finance 1716, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance.
    4. Biener, Christian & Eling, Martin & Jia, Ruo, 2017. "The structure of the global reinsurance market: An analysis of efficiency, scale, and scope," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 213-229.
    5. Bijapur, Mohan & Croci, Manuela & Zaidi, Rida, 2012. "Do asset regulations impede portfolio diversification? evidence from European life insurance funds," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 56618, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    6. Lee, Chien-Chiang & Lin, Chun-Wei, 2016. "Globalization, political institutions, financial liberalization, and performance of the insurance industry," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 244-266.
    7. Lee, Chien-Chiang & Lin, Chun-Wei & Zeng, Jhih-Hong, 2016. "Financial liberalization, insurance market, and the likelihood of financial crises," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 25-51.
    8. repec:bof:bofrdp:urn:nbn:fi:bof-201508181354 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Bijapur, Mohan & Croci, Manuela & Zaidi, Rida, 2012. "Do Asset Regulations Impede Portfolio Diversification? Evidence from European Life Insurance Funds," MPRA Paper 54265, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Cummins, J. David & Rubio-Misas, María & Vencappa, Dev, 2017. "Competition, efficiency and soundness in European life insurance markets," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 66-78.
    11. Biener, Christian & Eling, Martin & Jia, Ruo, 2016. "The Roles of Industry Idiosyncrasy, Cost Efficiency, and Risk in Internationalization: Evidence from the Insurance Industry," Working Papers on Finance 1602, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance.
    12. Gaganis, Chrysovalantis & Liu, Liuling & Pasiouras, Fotios, 2015. "Regulations, profitability, and risk-adjusted returns of European insurers: An empirical investigation," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 55-77.
    13. repec:kap:iaecre:v:23:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s11294-017-9661-9 is not listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Insurance; Regulations; Solvency; Soundness;

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