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Global Imbalances and Foreign Asset Expansion by Developing Economy Central Banks

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  • Joseph E. Gagnon

    () (Peterson Institute for International Economics)

Abstract

Over the past 10 years, central banks and governments throughout the developing world have accumulated foreign exchange reserves and other official assets at an unprecedented rate. This paper shows that this official asset accumulation has driven a substantial portion of the recent large global current account imbalances. These net official capital flows have become large relative to the size of the industrial economies, and they are a significant factor contributing to the weakness of the economic recovery in the major industrial economies.

Suggested Citation

  • Joseph E. Gagnon, 2012. "Global Imbalances and Foreign Asset Expansion by Developing Economy Central Banks," Working Paper Series WP12-5, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:iie:wpaper:wp12-5
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

    1. Jeanne, Olivier, 2012. "The dollar and its discontents," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(8), pages 1976-1989.
    2. Marie-Louise DJIGBENOU-KRE & Hail Park, 2015. "The Effects of Global Liquidity on Global Imbalances," Working Papers 2015-23, Economic Research Institute, Bank of Korea.
    3. Bayoumi, Tamim & Saborowski, Christian, 2014. "Accounting for reserves," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 1-29.
    4. Bayoumi, Tamim & Gagnon, Joseph & Saborowski, Christian, 2015. "Official financial flows, capital mobility, and global imbalances," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 146-174.
    5. Steiner, Andreas, 2014. "Current account balance and dollar standard: Exploring the linkages," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 65-94.
    6. Joseph E. Gagnon & C. Fred Bergsten, 2012. "Currency Manipulation, the US Economy, and the Global Economic Order," Policy Briefs PB12-25, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
    7. DJIGBENOU-KRE, Marie-Louise & Park, Hail, 2016. "The effects of global liquidity on global imbalances," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 1-12.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    current account; foreign exchange reserves;

    JEL classification:

    • F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements

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