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Are Routine Jobs Moving South? Evidence from Changes in the Occupational Structure of Employment in the U.S. and Mexico

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  • Guido Matias Cortes

    (York University, Canada; Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis)

  • Diego M. Morris

    (Nottingham Trent University, UK)

Abstract

The decline of employment in middle-wage, routine task intensive jobs has been well documented for the United States. Increased offshoring towards lower income countries such as Mexico has been proposed as a potential driver of this decline. We compare the evolution of employment across 181 detailed occupational categories in the U.S. and Mexico and find that, with few exceptions, the occupations that decline in the U.S. have also declined in Mexico. There is therefore little evidence that U.S. jobs are moving South. It is more likely that common shocks are responsible for the decline of middle-wage jobs in both countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Guido Matias Cortes & Diego M. Morris, 2019. "Are Routine Jobs Moving South? Evidence from Changes in the Occupational Structure of Employment in the U.S. and Mexico," Working Paper series 19-15, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
  • Handle: RePEc:rim:rimwps:19-15
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