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Of Cities and Slums

Author

Listed:
  • luciene pereira

    (Fundação Getulio Vargas)

  • Pedro Cavalcanti Ferreira

    (Fundação Getulio Vargas)

  • Alexander Monge-Naranjo

    (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis)

Abstract

The emergence of slums is a common feature in a country's path towards urbanization, structural transformation and development. Based on salient micro and macro evidence of Brazilian labor, housing and education markets, we construct a simple model to examine the conditions for slums to emerge. We then use the model to examine whether slums are barriers or stepping stones for lower skilled households and for the development of the country as a whole. We calibrate our model to explore the dynamic interaction between skill formation, income inequality and structural transformation with the rise (and potential fall) of slums in Brazil. We then conduct policy counterfactuals. For instance, we find that cracking down on slums could slow down the acquisition of human capital, the growth of cities (outside slums) and non-agricultural employment. The impact of reducing housing barriers to entry into cities and of different forms of school integration between the city and the slums is also explored.

Suggested Citation

  • luciene pereira & Pedro Cavalcanti Ferreira & Alexander Monge-Naranjo, 2017. "Of Cities and Slums," 2017 Meeting Papers 1308, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed017:1308
    as

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    Other versions of this item:

    • Alexander Monge-Naranjo & Pedro Cavalcanti Ferreira & Luciene Torres de Mello Pereira, 2018. "Of Cities and Slums," Working Papers 2018-005, Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group.
    • Pedro Cavalcanti Ferreira & Alexander Monge-Naranjo & Luciene Torres de Mello Pereira, 2016. "Of Cities and Slums," Working Papers 2016-22, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • R31 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Housing Supply and Markets

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