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Rural-Urban Migration in Developing Countries : Lessons from the Literature

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  • Selod,Harris
  • Shilpi,Forhad J.

Abstract

This paper reviews the recent literature on rural-urban migration in developing countries, focusing on three key questions: What motivates or forces people to migrate? What costs do migrants face? What are the impacts of migration on migrants and the economy? The literature paints a complex picture whereby rural-urban migration is driven by many factors and the returns to migration as well as the costs are very high. The evidence supports the notion that migration barriers hinder labor market adjustment and are likely to be welfare reducing. The review concludes by identifying gaps in current research and data needs.

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  • Selod,Harris & Shilpi,Forhad J., 2021. "Rural-Urban Migration in Developing Countries : Lessons from the Literature," Policy Research Working Paper Series 9662, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:9662
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Rural Urban Linkages; Labor Markets; Rural Labor Markets; Trade and Services; Common Property Resource Development; Social Policy; Judicial System Reform; Legal Reform; Legislation; Regulatory Regimes; Legal Products; Social Cohesion;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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