A Review of Distributed Generation for Rural and Remote Area Electrification
Distributed Generation (DG), which is electricity generation located close to the load/demand. While the definition of DG is far from “settled” , for the purpose of this project, DG will refer to electricity generation that is produced and consumed within the catchment area of the local Distribution Network Service Provider (DSNP). Many in the energy economics and policy literature also use the term “embedded generation”, which tends to reflect DG that has been incorporated into a larger electricity grid (but often still retains the ability to operate in isolation from the grid). Distributed power generation has been used for decades , and has been met with mixed success. There is a plethora of literature that examines the use of DG in developing countries [3-5], in relation to World Bank development projects , with respect to high penetration of DG in Australia [7-10], and for a more general discussion . Furthermore, the DG literature has been growing and is now being examined in context of rural communities across different scales from household systems  to community mini-grids  and grid connected systems .
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- Oikonomou, Emmanouil K. & Kilias, Vassilios & Goumas, Aggelos & Rigopoulos, Alexandrous & Karakatsani, Eirini & Damasiotis, Markos & Papastefanakis, Dimitrios & Marini, Natassa, 2009. "Renewable energy sources (RES) projects and their barriers on a regional scale: The case study of wind parks in the Dodecanese islands, Greece," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 4874-4883, November.
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- Vahl, Fabrício Peter & Rüther, Ricardo & Casarotto Filho, Nelson, 2013. "The influence of distributed generation penetration levels on energy markets," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 226-235.
- Liu, Jian & Wang, Run & Sun, Yanwei & Lin, Yanjie & Xiao, Lishan, 2013. "A barrier analysis for the development of distributed energy in China: A case study in Fujian province," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 262-271.
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- Narula, Kapil & Nagai, Yu & Pachauri, Shonali, 2012. "The role of Decentralized Distributed Generation in achieving universal rural electrification in South Asia by 2030," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 345-357.
- Barnett, Andrew, 1990. "The diffusion of energy technology in the rural areas of developing countries: A synthesis of recent experience," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 539-553, April.
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- McHenry, M.P., 2012. "Technical, mitigation, and financial comparisons of 6kWe grid-connected and stand-alone wood gasifiers, versus mineral diesel and biodiesel generation for rural distributed generation," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 428-437.
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- Hoff, Thomas E & Wenger, Howard J & Farmer, Brian K, 1996. "Distributed generation : An alternative to electric utility investments in system capacity," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 137-147, February.
- Clifton, Julian & Boruff, Bryan J., 2010. "Assessing the potential for concentrated solar power development in rural Australia," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(9), pages 5272-5280, September.
- Simshauser, Paul, 2001. "Excess Entry in the Deregulated Queensland Power Market," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 73-92, March.
- Martinot, Eric, 2001. "Renewable energy investment by the World Bank," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(9), pages 689-699, July.
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