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Access and Affordability of Electricity in Developing Countries

Author

Listed:
  • Winkler, Harald
  • Simões, André Felipe
  • Rovere, Emilio Lèbre la
  • Alam, Mozaharul
  • Rahman, Atiq
  • Mwakasonda, Stanford

Abstract

Summary A key objective of developing countries is to provide affordable access to modern energy services in order to support economic and social development. The paper presents a number of arguments for why and in which way energy access and affordability can play a key role in national development programs and in achieving the Millennium Development Goals. Approaches for measuring accessibility and affordability are presented, drawing on case studies of Bangladesh, Brazil, and South Africa, countries with different rates of electrification. Affordability of using electricity is examined in relation to the energy expenditure burden for households and time consumption. Conclusions focus on lessons learned and recommendations for implementing policies, instruments, and regulatory measures to tackle the challenge of affordability.

Suggested Citation

  • Winkler, Harald & Simões, André Felipe & Rovere, Emilio Lèbre la & Alam, Mozaharul & Rahman, Atiq & Mwakasonda, Stanford, 2011. "Access and Affordability of Electricity in Developing Countries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 39(6), pages 1037-1050, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:39:y:2011:i:6:p:1037-1050
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Spalding-Fecher, Randall & Winkler, Harald & Mwakasonda, Stanford, 2005. "Energy and the World Summit on Sustainable Development: what next?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 99-112, January.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Sung Kim & Johannes Urpelainen, 2013. "International energy lending: who funds fossil fuels, who funds energy access for the poor?," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 13(4), pages 411-423, November.
    2. Never, Babette, 2015. "Social norms, trust and control of power theft in Uganda: Does bulk metering work for MSEs?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 197-206.
    3. John Foster & Liam Wagner & Liam Byrnes, 2014. "A Review of Distributed Generation for Rural and Remote Area Electrification," Energy Economics and Management Group Working Papers 3-2014, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.
    4. Mahumane, Gilberto & Mulder, Peter, 2015. "Introducing MOZLEAP: an integrated long-run scenario model of the emerging energy sector of Mozambique," MPRA Paper 65967, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Rao, Narasimha D., 2013. "Distributional impacts of climate change mitigation in Indian electricity: The influence of governance," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 1344-1356.
    6. repec:eee:wdevel:v:97:y:2017:i:c:p:14-26 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Lenz, Luciane & Munyehirwe, Anicet & Peters, Jörg & Sievert, Maximiliane, 2017. "Does Large-Scale Infrastructure Investment Alleviate Poverty? Impacts of Rwanda’s Electricity Access Roll-Out Program," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 88-110.
    8. Rohan Best & Paul J. Burke, 2017. "The Importance of Government Effectiveness for Transitions toward Greater Electrification in Developing Countries," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(9), pages 1-17, August.
    9. Raha, Debadayita & Mahanta, Pinakeswar & Clarke, Michèle L., 2014. "The implementation of decentralised biogas plants in Assam, NE India: The impact and effectiveness of the National Biogas and Manure Management Programme," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 80-91.
    10. Byrnes, Liam & Brown, Colin & Wagner, Liam & Foster, John, 2016. "Reviewing the viability of renewable energy in community electrification: The case of remote Western Australian communities," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 470-481.
    11. repec:eee:enepol:v:113:y:2018:i:c:p:466-477 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. repec:eee:enepol:v:106:y:2017:i:c:p:278-287 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Williams, Nathaniel J. & Jaramillo, Paulina & Taneja, Jay & Ustun, Taha Selim, 2015. "Enabling private sector investment in microgrid-based rural electrification in developing countries: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 1268-1281.
    14. Coelho, Suani T. & Goldemberg, José, 2013. "Energy access: Lessons learned in Brazil and perspectives for replication in other developing countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 1088-1096.
    15. Rahman, Md. Mizanur & Paatero, Jukka V. & Poudyal, Aditya & Lahdelma, Risto, 2013. "Driving and hindering factors for rural electrification in developing countries: Lessons from Bangladesh," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 840-851.
    16. Heshmati, Almas, 2012. "Survey of Models on Demand, Customer Base-Line and Demand Response and Their Relationships in the Power Market," IZA Discussion Papers 6637, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    17. Riley, Paul H., 2014. "Affordability for sustainable energy development products," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 132(C), pages 308-316.
    18. Obermaier, Martin & Szklo, Alexandre & La Rovere, Emilio Lèbre & Pinguelli Rosa, Luiz, 2012. "An assessment of electricity and income distributional trends following rural electrification in poor northeast Brazil," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 531-540.
    19. Dwi Prasetyani, 2016. "Dryland Farmers’ Access to Productive Resources (A Case Study of Wonogiri)," GATR Journals jber118, Global Academy of Training and Research (GATR) Enterprise.
    20. Almas Heshmati, 2014. "Demand, Customer Base-Line And Demand Response In The Electricity Market: A Survey," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(5), pages 862-888, December.
    21. Asian Development Bank (ADB) & Asian Development Bank (ADB) & Asian Development Bank (ADB) & Asian Development Bank (ADB), 2015. "Sustainable Energy Access Planning: A Framework," ADB Reports RPT157062-2, Asian Development Bank (ADB).
    22. Sarah Feron, 2016. "Sustainability of Off-Grid Photovoltaic Systems for Rural Electrification in Developing Countries: A Review," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(12), pages 1-26, December.
    23. Comello, Stephen D. & Reichelstein, Stefan J. & Sahoo, Anshuman & Schmidt, Tobias S., 2017. "Enabling Mini-Grid Development in Rural India," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 94-107.
    24. Tom Harris & Mark Collinson & Martin Wittenberg, 2016. "Aiming for a moving target: The dynamics of household electricity access in a developing context," SALDRU Working Papers 195, Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town.

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