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The impact of state feed-in tariffs and federal tradable quota support policies on grid-connected small wind turbine installed capacity in Australia


  • Ross, S.J.
  • McHenry, M.P.
  • Whale, J.


Until recently, Australian federal renewable energy tradable quota policy support mechanisms were modest and failed to differentiate between technologies at different stages of industry development. Subsequent changes to federal tradable quota schemes and the development of a number of state-based feed-in tariffs (FiTs) have attempted to overcome recent deficiencies. This research discusses the relationships between federal and state-based support policies, small wind turbine (SWT) system installed capacity, and the intricacies of developing instruments that sustain the renewable energy industry over time. The research found the lack of due diligence in policy mechanism development generated poor outcomes for the small-scale renewable energy industry and a higher level of political risk. Australian state-based FiTs were generally poorly designed with respect to known risks, and are unlikely to promote sustainable industry development for small-scale grid-connected renewable energy systems, including SWT systems. The research suggests detailed independent and collaborative policy development is necessary (prior to policy implementation) that considers a range of technology types, the influence of other cross-jurisdictional support mechanisms, and regionally-specific system technical performance and project development costs. The recent 'mixed bag' of Australian support mechanisms have resulted in fluctuating private costs for small-scale systems, which has lead to disruptive industry expansion and contraction with ironically unsustainable regularity.

Suggested Citation

  • Ross, S.J. & McHenry, M.P. & Whale, J., 2012. "The impact of state feed-in tariffs and federal tradable quota support policies on grid-connected small wind turbine installed capacity in Australia," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 141-147.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:renene:v:46:y:2012:i:c:p:141-147
    DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2012.03.019

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    Cited by:

    1. Grieser, Benno & Madlener, Reinhard & Sunak, Yasin, 2013. "Economics of Small Wind Power Plants in Urban Settings: An Empirical Investigation for Germany," FCN Working Papers 1/2013, E.ON Energy Research Center, Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior (FCN).
    2. Buckman, Greg & Sibley, Jon & Ward, Megan, 2019. "The large-scale feed-in tariff reverse auction scheme in the Australian Capital Territory 2012, to 2016," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 132(C), pages 176-185.
    3. Juntunen, Jouni K. & Hyysalo, Sampsa, 2015. "Renewable micro-generation of heat and electricity—Review on common and missing socio-technical configurations," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 857-870.
    4. Bashirzadeh Tabrizi, Amir & Whale, Jonathan & Lyons, Thomas & Urmee, Tania & Peinke, Joachim, 2017. "Modelling the structural loading of a small wind turbine at a highly turbulent site via modifications to the Kaimal turbulence spectra," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 288-300.
    5. Lee, Chul-Yong & Huh, Sung-Yoon, 2017. "Forecasting the diffusion of renewable electricity considering the impact of policy and oil prices: The case of South Korea," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 197(C), pages 29-39.
    6. Grieser, Benno & Sunak, Yasin & Madlener, Reinhard, 2015. "Economics of small wind turbines in urban settings: An empirical investigation for Germany," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 334-350.
    7. Bongsuk Sung & Sang-Do Park, 2018. "Who Drives the Transition to a Renewable-Energy Economy? Multi-Actor Perspective on Social Innovation," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(2), pages 1-32, February.
    8. Simpson, Genevieve & Clifton, Julian, 2014. "Picking winners and policy uncertainty: Stakeholder perceptions of Australia's Renewable Energy Target," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 128-135.
    9. Tanesab, Julius & Parlevliet, David & Whale, Jonathan & Urmee, Tania, 2018. "Energy and economic losses caused by dust on residential photovoltaic (PV) systems deployed in different climate areas," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 120(C), pages 401-412.
    10. Whale, J. & McHenry, M.P. & Malla, A., 2013. "Scheduling and conducting power performance testing of a small wind turbine," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 55-61.
    11. Auld, Trisha & McHenry, Mark P. & Whale, Jonathan, 2014. "Options to mitigate utility-scale wind turbine impacts on defence capability, air supremacy, and missile detection," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 255-262.
    12. Tabrizi, Amir Bashirzadeh & Whale, Jonathan & Lyons, Thomas & Urmee, Tania, 2015. "Rooftop wind monitoring campaigns for small wind turbine applications: Effect of sampling rate and averaging period," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 320-330.


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