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The Effect of Gold Market Speculation on REIT Returns in South Africa: A Behavioral Perspective

Listed author(s):
  • Kola Akinsomi

    ()

    (School of Construction Economics and Management, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg)

  • Mehmet Balcilar

    ()

    (Department of Economics, Eastern Mediterranean University, Turkey and Department of Economics, University of Pretoria, South Africa.)

  • Rıza Demirer

    ()

    (Department of Economics and Finance, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville,USA)

  • Rangan Gupta

    ()

    (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria)

This study provides novel insight to the evolution of herd behavior during crisis periods by relating the time-variation in investor herding to speculation in gold, an asset traditionally considered a safe haven during periods of market crisis. We find that higher level of speculation in gold significantly contributes to herding in the emerging South African real estate investment trust (REIT) market, particularly during the mid-2008 to 2011 period, matching the duration and aftermath of the global financial crisis. The evidence of herding in this market is in contrast to the static and two-regime model specifications that fail to detect herding, underscoring the significance of econometric specifications that directly track the time-variation in herd behavior. Our findings suggest that speculative activities in the gold market contain valuable information regarding market fundamentals that drive investor behavior in emerging markets and that regulators should monitor indicators of speculative activities in gold in order to implement circuit breakers in their markets that may help mitigate the negative effects of herd behavior.

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Paper provided by University of Pretoria, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 201643.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2016
Handle: RePEc:pre:wpaper:201643
Contact details of provider: Postal:
PRETORIA, 0002

Phone: (+2712) 420 2413
Fax: (+2712) 362-5207
Web page: http://www.up.ac.za/economics

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References listed on IDEAS
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  9. Kim, Chang-Jin & Nelson, Charles R. & Startz, Richard, 1998. "Testing for mean reversion in heteroskedastic data based on Gibbs-sampling-augmented randomization1," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 5(2), pages 131-154, June.
  10. Balcilar, Mehmet & Demirer, Rıza & Hammoudeh, Shawkat, 2014. "What drives herding in oil-rich, developing stock markets? Relative roles of own volatility and global factors," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 418-440.
  11. Natividad Blasco & Pilar Corredor & Sandra Ferreruela, 2012. "Does herding affect volatility? Implications for the Spanish stock market," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(2), pages 311-327, July.
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  22. Kim, Chang-Jin, 1993. "Sources of Monetary Growth Uncertainty and Economic Activity: The Time-Varying-Parameter Model with Heteroskedastic Disturbances," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 75(3), pages 483-492, August.
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  26. Demirer, RIza & Kutan, Ali M., 2006. "Does herding behavior exist in Chinese stock markets?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 123-142, April.
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  34. repec:eee:beexfi:v:8:y:2015:i:c:p:40-43 is not listed on IDEAS
  35. Chang-Jin Kim & Charles R. Nelson, 1999. "State-Space Models with Regime Switching: Classical and Gibbs-Sampling Approaches with Applications," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262112388, January.
  36. Philippas, Nikolaos & Economou, Fotini & Babalos, Vassilios & Kostakis, Alexandros, 2013. "Herding behavior in REITs: Novel tests and the role of financial crisis," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 166-174.
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