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Les Effets de la Concurrence sur le Commerce Extérieur de la Tunisie : Une Approche du Modèle de Gravité Statique durant la Période 1999-2012
[The Effects of Competition on Foreign Trade in Tunisia: An Approach to the Static Gravity Model in the Period 1999-2012]

Author

Listed:
  • Othmani, Abdelhafidh
  • Slimani, Slah
  • Bakari, Sayef

Abstract

In this paper, we tried to examine the effects of corruption on Trade in Tunisia. Several studies demonstrated the importance of strong institutions on Trade. They developed a model of import’s demand in an insecure world, where insecurity is meant as hijacking, corruption and incomplete contract enforcement. Their structural model shows that insecurity constrains trade by raising the price of trade goods. Using a gravity model, we tested the effects of corruption measured by the corruption perception indicator on bilateral trade flows measured by volume of exportation and importation value over the period 1999-2012. A panel data analysis is used to disentangle the time invariant country-specific effects and to capture the relationship between the relevant variables over time. The results show that corruption is an "institutional" barrier to trade.

Suggested Citation

  • Othmani, Abdelhafidh & Slimani, Slah & Bakari, Sayef, 2015. "Les Effets de la Concurrence sur le Commerce Extérieur de la Tunisie : Une Approche du Modèle de Gravité Statique durant la Période 1999-2012
    [The Effects of Competition on Foreign Trade in Tunisia
    ," MPRA Paper 80885, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:80885
    as

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    Keywords

    Corruption; Trade Openness; Gravity Model; Tunisia;

    JEL classification:

    • A1 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics
    • D8 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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