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Une théorie des relations sociales emploi et inégalité
[A theory of social relations jobs and inequality]

Listed author(s):
  • Jellal, Mohamed

In this paper, we consider a simple model that integrates the component of the social network as a research method of workers as well as a method of recruitment policy by firms. Indeed, taking into account the social sphere is fundamental to understand the labor market dynamic in developing countries. In particular, our dynamic model shows that when the cost of formal recruitment policy are very high then only individuals who have more effective social network find a job which creates social inequality and its reproduction. Indeed, in the context of social relations, firms use the density of the social network as a more efficient informal employment allocation mechanism. In terms of public policy, it would be socially desirable to subsidize the costs of formal recruitment policy to reduce the persistence of social inequality. Our theory applies to the problem of gender gap as well as employment of migrants

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File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/57512/1/MPRA_paper_57512.pdf
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 57512.

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Date of creation: 23 Jul 2014
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:57512
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  1. Fontaine, François, 2008. "Why are similar workers paid differently? the role of social networks," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 32(12), pages 3960-3977, December.
  2. Jellal, Mohamed & Zenou, Yves, 2000. "A dynamic efficiency wage model with learning by doing," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 99-105, January.
  3. Kugler, Adriana D., 2003. "Employee referrals and efficiency wages," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(5), pages 531-556, October.
  4. Antoni Calvó-Armengol & Matthew O. Jackson, 2004. "The Effects of Social Networks on Employment and Inequality," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(3), pages 426-454, June.
  5. Linda Datcher Loury, 2004. "Some Job Contacts are More Equal Than Others: Earnings and Job Information Networks," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 0404, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
  6. Pierre Cahuc & François Fontaine, 2004. "Le rôle des allocations chômage en présence de différentes méthodes de recherche d'emploi," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 55(3), pages 591-600.
  7. Montgomery, James D, 1991. "Social Networks and Labor-Market Outcomes: Toward an Economic Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(5), pages 1407-1418, December.
  8. Linda Datcher Loury, 2004. "Job Tenure and Personal Contacts: Good Matches or Limited Choices?," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 0417, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
  9. Jellal, Mohamed & Zenou, Yves, 1999. "Efficiency wages and the quality of job matching," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 201-217, June.
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