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Реформа Ран: Экспертный Анализ: Часть I. Реформа Ран: Проект Минобрнауки
[Reform of the Russian Academy of Sciences: An Expert Analysis: Part I. Reform of the Russian Academy of Sciences: a project of the Ministry of Education and Science]

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Abstract

The theory of reforms usually assumes that a designer aims to increase public welfare under existing constraints. In practice, however, initiators of reforms quite often proceed from false premises, and pursue political and-or self-interested goals. In this paper, we analyze an example of such an initiative - the project of reform of the Russian Academy of Science, offered by The Ministry of Education and Science in June 2013. It is shown, that among the political motives which stimulated the appearance of the project, the main one was the intention to deprive the community of researchers of its organizational independence. This motive was supported by the erroneous thesis, according to which Russian Academy of Science is not capable to provide innovation-based development whereas for successful imitation of technologies, fundamental researches are ostensibly not necessary at all. The analysis shows the exigency of reforming the Russian system of preparation and realization of reforms.

Suggested Citation

  • Polterovich, Victor, 2013. "Реформа Ран: Экспертный Анализ: Часть I. Реформа Ран: Проект Минобрнауки
    [Reform of the Russian Academy of Sciences: An Expert Analysis: Part I. Reform of the Russian Academy of Sciences: a project
    ," MPRA Paper 49291, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:49291
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/49291/1/MPRA_paper_49291.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Daron Acemoglu & Philippe Aghion & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2006. "Distance to Frontier, Selection, and Economic Growth," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 4(1), pages 37-74, March.
    2. Burda, Michael & Wyplosz, Charles, 2017. "Macroeconomics: a European Text," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, edition 7, number 9780198737513.
    3. Dani Rodrik, 1996. "Understanding Economic Policy Reform," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 34(1), pages 9-41, March.
    4. Varshavsky, A., 2010. "Problems of Science: RAS and Higher Educational Institutions," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, issue 8, pages 158-161.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    reform design; costs of reform; civil society; fundamental research; catching up development; science and authorities;

    JEL classification:

    • B52 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Historical; Institutional; Evolutionary
    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth
    • P11 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Planning, Coordination, and Reform

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