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Стратегии Институциональных Реформ. Перспективные Траектории

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  • Полтерович В.М.

Abstract

Статья представляет собой первую часть работы, посвященной проблеме выбора стратегии институциональной реформы. Под стратегией понимается планируемая траектория изменения институтов во времени. Рассматриваются три типа стратегий: шоковая терапия, выращивание, стратегия промежуточных институтов. Вводится понятие перспективной траектории -имеющей высокие шансы на успех благодаря выполнению определенных требований. Перспективная траектория должна быть согласована с ресурсными, технологическими и институциональными ограничениями и предусматривать встроенные механизмы, стимулирующие запланированные изменения институтов и предотвращающие возникновение дисфункций и институциональных ловушек. В частности, перспективная траектория должна принимать во внимание особенности гражданской культуры и политический механизм принятия решений о реформах, учитывать статическую и динамическую комплементарность институтов, сдерживать перераспределительную активность и предусматривать компенсации тем, кто мог бы проиграть в результате реформенных мероприятий. Необходимо, чтобы институциональные изменения поддерживались мерами по формированию благоприятных институциональных ожиданий и государственной политикой стимулирования роста. Во второй части работы (Полтерович, 2006) предлагаемый аналитический аппарат будет использован для сопоставления реформ в Китае и России.

Suggested Citation

  • Полтерович В.М., 2006. "Стратегии Институциональных Реформ. Перспективные Траектории," Журнал Экономика и математические методы (ЭММ), Центральный Экономико-Математический Институт (ЦЭМИ), vol. 42(1), январь.
  • Handle: RePEc:scn:cememm:42-1-1
    Note: Москва
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    9. repec:hrv:faseco:30728045 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • P21 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Planning, Coordination, and Reform
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General

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