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Стратегии Институциональных Реформ. Перспективные Траектории

Listed author(s):
  • Полтерович В.М.

Статья представляет собой первую часть работы, посвященной проблеме выбора стратегии институциональной реформы. Под стратегией понимается планируемая траектория изменения институтов во времени. Рассматриваются три типа стратегий: шоковая терапия, выращивание, стратегия промежуточных институтов. Вводится понятие перспективной траектории -имеющей высокие шансы на успех благодаря выполнению определенных требований. Перспективная траектория должна быть согласована с ресурсными, технологическими и институциональными ограничениями и предусматривать встроенные механизмы, стимулирующие запланированные изменения институтов и предотвращающие возникновение дисфункций и институциональных ловушек. В частности, перспективная траектория должна принимать во внимание особенности гражданской культуры и политический механизм принятия решений о реформах, учитывать статическую и динамическую комплементарность институтов, сдерживать перераспределительную активность и предусматривать компенсации тем, кто мог бы проиграть в результате реформенных мероприятий. Необходимо, чтобы институциональные изменения поддерживались мерами по формированию благоприятных институциональных ожиданий и государственной политикой стимулирования роста. Во второй части работы (Полтерович, 2006) предлагаемый аналитический аппарат будет использован для сопоставления реформ в Китае и России.

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Article provided by Центральный Экономико-Математический Институт (ЦЭМИ) in its journal Экономика и математические методы.

Volume (Year): 42 (2006)
Issue (Month): 1 (январь)

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Handle: RePEc:scn:cememm:42-1-1
Note: Москва
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References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Simon Johnson & Daniel Kaufman & Andrei Shleifer, 1997. "The Unofficial Economy in Transition," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 28(2), pages 159-240.
  2. Dani Rodrik & Arvind Subramanian & Francesco Trebbi, 2004. "Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions Over Geography and Integration in Economic Development," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 9(2), pages 131-165, 06.
  3. Daron Acemoglu & Philippe Aghion & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2003. "Vertical Integration and Distance to Frontier," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 1(2-3), pages 630-638, 04/05.
  4. Berkowitz, Daniel & Pistor, Katharina & Richard, Jean-Francois, 2003. "Economic development, legality, and the transplant effect," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 165-195, February.
  5. Hillman, Arye L. & Swank, Otto, 2000. "Why political culture should be in the lexicon of economics," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 1-4, March.
  6. Sato, Kazuo, 1990. "Indicative planning in Japan," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 625-647, December.
  7. Aron, Janine, 2000. "Growth and Institutions: A Review of the Evidence," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 15(1), pages 99-135, February.
  8. Yingyi Qian, 1999. "The Institutional Foundations of China's Market Transition," Working Papers 99011, Stanford University, Department of Economics.
  9. repec:hrv:faseco:30728045 is not listed on IDEAS
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