The impact of post-9/11 visa policies on travel to the United States
This paper examines the impact of post-9/11 changes in visa and security policy on business and leisure travel to the United States. American businesses, tourism industry representatives, and politicians pointed to changes in visa policies as being responsible for a sharp decline in short-term visitors following the September 11 attacks. Several foreign governments likewise complained that visa requirements and other security measures were making it difficult for their citizens to travel to the United States. Using an empirical model which distinguishes the impact of visa policy from economic and country-specific factors, we find that changes in visa policy in the aftermath of 9/11 were not important contributors to the decrease in travel to the United States. Rather, the reduction in entries was largest among travelers who were not required to obtain a visa.
|Date of creation:||Apr 2007|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Web page: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Jan Vilasuso & Fredric C. Menz, 1998. "Domestic Price, (Expected) Foreign Price, and Travel Spending by Canadians in the United States," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 31(5), pages 1139-1153, November.
- Pia M. Orrenius, 2003. "U.S. immigration and economic growth: putting policy on hold," Southwest Economy, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, issue Nov, pages 1-7.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:2952. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ekkehart Schlicht)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.