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Opportunity and/or necessity entrepreneurship? The impact of the socio-economic characteristics of entrepreneurs

  • Giacomin, Olivier
  • Janssen, Frank
  • Guyot, Jean-luc
  • Lohest, Olivier

Few studies have tried to identify the impact of the socio-economic characteristics of entrepreneurs on their opportunity-necessity positioning. Based on a sample of 538 entrepreneurs, we point out that individuals who get involved in an entrepreneurial process, have encountered a situation of necessity and/or opportunity and that the latter can take various forms. We point out the impact of the socio-economic characteristics of entrepreneurs on the alignment of their project with a necessity or opportunity entrepreneurial dynamics. The existence of sub-profiles of entrepreneurs within the necessity-opportunity typology is also highlighted. We point out, for instance, that not all jobseekers are necessity entrepreneurs and that new venture creation based on family pressure may convey both a necessity and opportunity dimension. Finally, our survey reveals a new kind of entrepreneurship: the hobby entrepreneurship.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/29506/2/MPRA_paper_29506.pdf
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 29506.

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Date of creation: 01 Jan 2011
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:29506
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  1. C. Mirjam van Praag, 2003. "Business Survival and Success of Young Small Business Owners," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 03-050/3, Tinbergen Institute.
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  14. repec:dgr:uvatin:2003050 is not listed on IDEAS
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  24. Djankov, Simeon & Miguel, Edward & Qian, Yingyi & Roland, Gérard & Zhuravskaya, Ekaterina, 2006. "Entrepreneurship: First Results from Russia," CEPR Discussion Papers 5707, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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